In some cases the larger wheel was the rear wheel.

The militants' campaign kept the suffrage issue in the forefront of the national consciousness and was a factor in leading President Wilson to change his position and work actively for passage of the 19th Amendment.

“A Blessing for Women,” The Bearings, 5 September 1895.

 Irving A. Leonard, When Bikehood was in Flower, (Seven Palms Press, 1983).

Item, Arizona Daily Gazette, 16 June 1895.

1) First read for information. Then, list problems that Caroline and Toshiba mention. (Or, the main points they are trying to get across).

“Taking Chances,” Iowa State Register, 28 August 1895.







This movie can be used to vividly impress upon students the following important historical lessons not generally taught in textbooks:

“A Whirl ‘Round the World,” Omaha World Herald, 25 August 1895, p. 5.

Click to find a list of suggested and their internet links.

Many members became deeply involved in the various campaigns of the Victorian women's rights movement. Follow these links to find out more about:

Their claim to be treated as political prisoners is rejected.

In December 1859 the moved to new offices at 19 Langham Place, and by 1860 it boasted a 'Ladies Institute' which became a meeting place for feminists who became known as the , set or circle.

Other female inmates are incited by the guards to attack them.

The movie clearly shows women who stand up to power, who withstand torture as the government force-feeds them to try to break their hunger strike, and who eventually triumph.

“They Don’t Like Bloomers,” Chicago Sunday Times-Herald, 8 September 1895.

Omaha World-Herald, 25 August 1895.

Next: Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act was passed, prohibiting employment discrimination on the basis of sex as well as race, religion, and national origin. The category “sex” was included as a last-ditch effort to kill the bill. But it passed, nevertheless. With its passage, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was established to investigate discrimination complaints. Within the commission’s first five years, it received 50,000 sex discrimination complaints. But it was quickly obvious that the commission was not very interested in pursuing these complaints. Betty Friedan, the chairs of the various state Commissions on the Status of Women, and other feminists agreed to form a civil rights organization for women similar to the NAACP. In 1966, the National Organization for Women was organized, soon to be followed by an array of other mass-membership organizations addressing the needs of specific groups of women, including Blacks, Latinas, Asians-Americans, lesbians, welfare recipients, business owners, aspiring politicians, and tradeswomen and professional women of every sort.

“They Don’t Like Bloomers,” Chicago Sunday Times-Herald, 8 September 1895.

Students may also want to read , an interview conducted by Amelia R.

That bike riding might be sexually stimulating for women was also a real concern to many in the 1890s. It was thought that straddling a saddle combined with the motion required to propel a bicycle would lead to arousal. So-called “hygienic” saddles began to appear, saddles with little or no padding where a woman’s genitalia would ordinarily make contact with the seat. High stems and upright handlebars, as opposed to the more aggressively positioned “drop” handlebars, also were thought to reduce the risk of female sexual stimulation by reducing the angle at which a woman would be forced to ride.

Robert A. Smith, A Social History of the Bicycle, (McGraw Hill, 1972), p. 76.

The lists all the pages on this site.

The article's criticism of the movie is based on scenes that do not relate to the demonstrations, the false imprisonment, the events in prison, or the political blowback from the mistreatment of the militants.