USCCB CommunicationsWashington, D.C.ISBN 1-57455-315-1


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1 Paul VI, (Rome: January 1, 1972).

You MUST choose one side or the other when you write an argument paper!

…cite experts who agree with you

Moran et al. (2006) indicated that multiple intelligences theory proposes viewing intelligence in terms of nine cognitive capacities, rather than a single general intelligence. Thus, a profile consists of strengths and weaknesses among "linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, naturalistic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and (at least provisionally) existential" (p. 23). Overall, the theory has been misunderstood in application.

…claim to be an expert if you’re not one

The multiple intelligences approach does not require a teacher to design a lesson in nine different ways to that all students can access the material...In ideal multiple intelligences instruction, rich experiences and collaboration provide a context for students to become aware of their own intelligence profiles, to develop self-regulation, and to participate more actively in their own learning. (p. 27)

…use weak qualifiers like “I believe,” “I feel,” or “I think”—just tell us!

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Visit Howard Gardner's website to learn more about him, his theory, and publications: Visit the : his Official Authoritative Site of Multiple IntelligenceS.

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Walter McKenzie's Surfaquarium: has content devoted to Multiple Intelligences in Education (e.g., an overview of MI, media and software selection, MI and instruction, templates, etc.).

Positive attitudes and perceptions about learning

Ultimately, although we might continue to argue over terminology and labels associated with learning, Gardner provided the following lessons for educators:

…assume the audience will agree with you about any aspect of your argument

By addressing the opposition you achieve the following goals:

Dweck is also author of (2008), an article prepared for the Carnegie Corporation of New York-Institute for Advanced Study. She provided evidence that mindsets "can predict math/science achievement over time" and "can contribute to math/science achievement discrepancies for women and minorities." Further, "interventions that change mindsets can boost achievement and reduce achievement discrepancies; and educators play a key role in shaping students’ mindsets" (p. 2).

…attempt to make others look bad (i.e. Mr. Smith is ignorant—don’t listen to him!)

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The implication for mathematics instruction isthat "any sufficiently important mathematics topic requires students tolearn the topic in four dimensions: procedurally, conceptually, contextually,and investigatively" (Strong et al., 2004, p. 75). Even taking that approach, we are challenged to help students overcome misconceptions.

We encourage the educational use of the OWL. The  explains the specific permissions granted.

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Multiple Intelligences Institute: is committed to understanding and application of this theory in educational settings from pre-school through adult education.