In what ways is music seen to be important to Mali civilization?

However, one could point out that the griot is reliant on elements more akin to a storyteller. His use of music and dramatic rhythm (pumping up the crowd) remind us that his history is meant for an audience, and hence susceptible to certain exaggerations. Further, his constant stressing of his own importance could stretch the credibility of what he describes as "facts". As with many early epics, more than one version exist and the details vary depending on the storyteller. The strongest answer to this question suggests that for a griot, history and storytelling are one and the same, since he preserves essential truth by using the "warmth of the human voice" to inspire his listeners.

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Do you consider the griot to be a historian or a storyteller? Defend your answer.

I think this is asking for your opinion rather than mine.

Explain the role of magic in Mali. How is it used for good or evil? In what ways is it difficult to apply such terms to magic in general?

Sundiata's father, Maghan Kon Fatta, was king of the city of Niani.

Magic in Mali is not to be considered supernatural, but rather as an extension of the natural world. The forces that control the world exists in trees and lakes and mountains, and can be accessed by paying respect to their spirits. It encompasses all, including elements that might seem disparate to us. For example, the monotheism of Islam is not considered contradictory to the polytheism of the Mandingo. There are those who use magic for evil, like Soumaoro, and others who use it for good, like Sundiata or Sogolon. However, perhaps it is fallacious to consider this magic 'good' or 'evil', since to do so implies human understanding of greater forces. The griot is quick to remind his audience of how little humans can truly understand, and this is easily applied to the magic forces, which operate in a way we can barely perceive and hence mankind ought be humble enough to admit we don't understand.

Why is patience so heavily stressed as a virtue by the griot? How does patience aid humans?
The griot suggests that his words are the strongest weapon a hero can have. Explain.

Just look at Justin Beiber or any white artist today.

The griot consistently presents the population of tribes and cities as fickle. Consider the people of Niani, who know well that Sundiata has been prophesied to be a great ruler. They are nevertheless easily swayed to mock him when he is handicapped during childhood, and likewise to have contempt for his mother Sogolon. Much of this derives from the gossip spread by Sassouma Bérété, gossip that is quickly swallowed and perpetuated by the people. It is only when they are oppressed by Soumaoro that they finally start to seek out their destined ruler. People throughout the epic behave shortsightedly, and their susceptibility to rumor and impatience implies the importance of strong, positive heroes. For mankind to reach its best potential, they must be led by a great hero. Sundiata, through his positive qualities, inspires the tribes towards peace and prosperity as part of the Mali Empire.

through song, they may learn about themselves and grow stronger by celebrating their greatness.

You fucking faggots are insufferable.

Hospitality is presented as central to custom in the epic. It is presented as an unspoken contract between guest and host. From the beginning, Maghan Kon Fatta is given a chance to sire a great hero because he is hospitable to both the hunter who prophesies Sundiata's birth and, later, the two hunters who bring Sogolon to Niani. Much of Sundiata's empire is built upon the foundation of the positive treatment he and his family are shown when they wander as exiles, as well as relationships cultivated in Sundiata's youth. The characters who show lapses in hospitality are presented as horrible. Consider Mansa Konkon, who cheats Sundiata of a victory in wori and had accepted gold to exile them further and murder the boy. He is not rewarded once Sundiata is victor. And lastly, Soumaoro is painted as "cruel" through examples that show his lack of hospitality, whether to travelers on the road or in the kidnapping of Balla Fasséké, who was sent as guest by Dankaran Touman.

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Why is patience so heavily stressed as a virtue by the griot?

Patience is so important, according to the griot, because mankind is fundamentally unable to understand the forces of destiny. Mankind's tendency is to expect that "what you see is what you get" and hence to doubt that greater forces might be at work. As a result, the people of Niani are quick to turn on Sundiata when he is born crippled, and Sogolon herself has doubts about the boy's greatness. But the greater forces work in their own time, and destiny unfolds beyond the sight of humans, so it behooves us to remember that greatness is often born from the measliest of seeds. One of Sundiata's strengths is his willingness to wait. He does not try to reclaim Mali before he is ready, and as a result is able to quickly recruit an army to fight Soumaoro when the time comes, since he had been patient enough to build alliances throughout his youth.