Searle, (Harvard, 1986);John R.

Last reviewed: 12 October 2017
Last updated: 12 October 2017
First published: 23 February 2015

Recommended Reading: (Hackett, 1991);P.

In  (1983) and (1992)Searle emphasizes the  of and to the merely  elements of human existence.

Barnes (Washington Square, 1993);, ed.

Bereft of his companion, Godwin dealt with his affliction in the only way he knew, by intellectual reasoning and reflection. The day after her funeral, he began to sort through 's papers, and by 24 September he had started working on the story of her life. His loving tribute to her, published in January 1798 as the , is a sensitive but full and factual account of the life and writings of his wife, including Wollstonecraft's infatuation with the painter Henry Fuseli; her affair with American speculator and former officer in the American Revolutionary Army, Gilbert Imlay, the father of her illegitimate daughter, Fanny; and her two unsuccessful attempts at taking her own life. Godwin's noble intention was to immortalize his wife, whom he considered to be a "person of eminent merit." Instead of expressing admiration, however, the public condemned Wollstonecraft as licentious, and read her attempted suicides in terms of her lack of religious convictions. When Godwin had declared in the that "There are not many individuals with whose character the public welfare and improvement are more intimately connected" than his subject, he could not have predicted how accurately and with what irony this statement would become true. For at least the next hundred years the feminist cause was to suffer setback after setback because of society's association of sexual promiscuity with those who advocated the rights of women. In the index to the of 1798, for example, "See " is the only entry listed under "Prostitution," and the Wollstonecraft listing ends with a cross-reference to "Prostitution." Such was the complex and ambiguous heritage Mary Shelley received from her mother. She was to grow up with what Anne K. Mellor had described as a "powerful and ever-to-be frustrated need to be mothered," as well as with the realization that the parent she had never known was both celebrated as a pioneer reformer of woman's rights and education, and castigated as an "unsex'd female."

Rorty (California, 1988);Alfred R.

Godwin immediately became the chief object of her affections, as he was her primary caretaker for the first three years of her life. Having studied progressive educational authorities, from Jean-Jacques Rousseau to his contemporaries, Godwin also attempted to adopt many of Wollstonecraft's child-care practices. Precocious, sensitive, and spirited, Mary became his favorite child. He called her "pretty little Mary" and relished evidence of her superiority over Fanny. He supervised their early schooling and took them on various excursions--to Pope's Grotto at Twickenham, to theatrical pantomimes, and to dinners with his friends and Charles and . Mary Shelley 's attachment to her father was to become intense and long lasting.

by Robert Van Gulick and Ernest Lepore (Blackwell, 1993); andWilliam Hirstein,  (Wadsworth, 2000).
Hence, a common abbreviation for "" and "," Latin designations for the of and.

DeVries and Tim Triplett (Hackett, 2000).

The "Chinese Room" thought-experiment in his "Minds, Brains, and Programs" (1980) purports to show that even effective do not embody genuine intelligence, since rule-governed processes need not rely upon understanding by those who perform them.

, , and  condemned self-deception as, or an  response to the produced by contemplation of human .

by Paul Horwich (Dartmouth, 1994); and, ed.

On her return to London in November 1812, Mary met for the first time Godwin's new, young, and wealthy disciple, , and his wife, Harriet Westbrook Shelley. The son of a man of fortune, Percy had received a superior education at Eton and briefly at Oxford. Before the age of seventeen, he had published two Gothic romances, (1810) and (1811), and now, influenced by Godwinian precepts, he desired to benefit humanity more directly. shared Godwin's belief that the greatest justice is done when he who possesses money gives it to whomever has greatest need of it. Therefore it was not long before Shelley was supporting Godwin financially. When Mary next met the tall, frail-looking, elegant Percy, on 5 May 1814, she viewed him as a generous young idealist and as a budding genius. He, in turn, had become dissatisfied with his wife and was affected by Mary's beauty, her intellectual interests, and, above all, by her identity as the "daughter of William and Mary."

How can I both know the truth and yet keep it from myself at the same time?

Palmer, (Cambridge, 1981);, ed.

Unless the deception is entirely , there must be some degree of willful disregard of the that I suspect would lead to the unpleasant truth I would rather not face.