You may find it helpful to fill out the to prepare your report.

Determining other impacts of risk assessment is even harder. Jennifer Skeem, a University of California, Berkeley, psychologist who has written extensively on risk assessment, said there simply isn’t enough data available to say with certainty whether it reduces racial disparities in the justice system. But she said better data alone won’t be enough to resolve the questions the tools raise.

Whether psychological or not, it seems to work.

Some students are writing to ask for help, or to ask for guidance in designing their experiment.

My son, Dylan, completed his first ever science project last year.

We plotted the data on a bar graph and there was an increase from 505" at 1 inch from the end of the barrel up to 4 inches in and then there was a steady decrease down to 240" at 12 inches in from the end.

None of the projects we found appealed to Dylan.

Richard Berk, a University of Pennsylvania statistician, said the most widely used tools are “a generation behind a lot of the developments that are going on in computer science and statistics.” Berk has been at the national forefront of efforts to bring risk assessment into the modern era. He has developed assessment tools that use a more advanced statistical discipline known as machine learning. In essence, Berk feeds a huge amount of data into a computer and lets a program figure out which variables matter and how much. He argues that his approach generates predictions that are both more accurate and more finely tuned — distinguishing, for example, between violent and nonviolent crimes.

My son Adam (now 13, but 11 when he started the projects) is an avid baseball player.

Our towns' population is only about 15,000.

He recently had his 5th Grade Science Fair project and having just recently moved him from a failing local Catholic school, this was the first Science Fair he ever experienced.

This year I would like to take my project to the next level.

A probation officer in Ohio said he regularly deals with the practical challenges surrounding risk assessment in the community-based correctional facility where he works. The facility houses felons who are given one last chance to straighten out — if they reoffend, they can be sent to state prison. Residents are sentenced to four- to six-month stays and receive counseling, addiction treatment, and educational and vocational training.

The second was a follow up to why a lighter bat was slower than a heavier bat in the first project.

So the announcements come for the winners of Dylan's group.

Fosque, now 58, lives in Philadelphia, the city where he was born and raised. A heavyset man with the neatly shorn head of a serviceman, he says he quit drinking a few times over the years, but never for long. That changed in 2012, when he was arrested for the third time in four years for driving under the influence. Pennsylvania takes a ; Fosque received a combined 90 days of jail and one year of probation as a result of the first two arrests. For the third, state law dictates one to five years in jail. The judge sentenced Fosque to a year behind bars and five years of probation.

The answer, of course is MOI, which my son researched and then tested.

I've attached a couple of pictures for you to see.

Supporters of the tools counter that judges, parole boards and other decision-makers already make their own risk assessments, whether or not they call them that. The difference is that people aren’t as good as statistics at predicting who is most likely to commit crimes in the future. In the 1960s, before the current burst of research on risk, one common misconception among correctional experts was that people with mental illness were more likely to be repeat, violent offenders. They aren’t, . Formal risk assessments offer greater transparency and, according to numerous studies, greater accuracy than the ad hoc systems they are replacing. Yet in most cases, the tools’ recommendations are only advisory. Judges can — and do — choose to disregard their suggestions for many reasons, including because they prefer exercising professional discretion or because they feel the tool fails to account for an important aspect of the defendant or his or her crime.

Dylan has had a love for baseball ever since he was old enough to hold a bat and hit a ball.

With this e-mail I'm including several pictures from my Back Board.

In choosing a subject, I wanted to select a topic that would be very scientific, but at the same time, I wanted it to be tangible and something that would captivate his interest.