Ruins in a Landscape: Essays in Antiquarianism
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Flavio Biondo regarded the triumphs of ancient Rome as the antecedents of the Christian processions. However, his contemporaries did not all agree. They were more inclined to see the building of churches and the ruins of pagan Rome as God’s work.
As Anne Janowitz writes in her Ruins in the Landscape,
As Anne Janowitz writesin her ,
Though the spectacle of ruins in the landscape offers evidenceof a nation possessed of a long history, the materials that ruinists drawon to make figures may produce different meanings within some other group'simagination.
LIVING THE FAITH IN EXILE - CATHOLIC TRADITION
By the beginning in 1815 of the Regent’s Park scheme for redeveloping London, new and conflicted social practices had already begun to emerge. The New Street and related redevelopment of fashionable London stimulated a new type of print media that modernized and popularized the production of (less obviously commercial) antiquarian books on ancient, medieval, and overseas design.
Living the Faith in Exile Edwin Faust
The legitimating force of imitated culture was most manifest in the British Museum (1818-1826), designed by another antiquarian architect, Sir Robert Smirke. A major public function of the British Museum was the display of the architectural and sculptural relics removed by Lord Elgin from Athens and environs as objects of study to enhance British art and manufacture design. These antiquities had become available for transport largely as a result of the British alliance with the Ottoman Empire against the French invasion of the modern Egypt and Palestine. They had been transported by the Royal Navy and purchased by the British government in 1816, partly as proof of its growing presumption of material and cultural superiority; through this kind of acquisition, imitation is giving way to the forms of appropriation examined in the Postcolonial aspect of Orientalist critique. The of this appropriation, however, was underscored by the incomplete success of British arms in the War of 1812 (recalling the disastrous loss of the American colonies three decades earlier), the escalating economic and social distress following the cessation of the Napoleonic conflict, and the scandals attending the Royal Family and especially the Prince Regent.