"Afrikaner Nationalism," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2000

Moreover, Hofmeyr’s nationalism was moderate and more inclusive; he wanted to see unity between the English and Afrikaner settlers (which Rhodes promoted also) and Hofmeyr was comfortable with the Cape remaining within the British Empire and the protection which it provided.
- moreover, in the period before the Jameson Raid, Hofmeyr and the Afrikaner Bond supported Rhodes’ government in disputes with the SAR government.

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 The development of Afrikaner nationalism led to the creation of Apartheid.

One major cause of genocide is extreme nationalism.

The means used by Basque nationalists to gain independence are sometimes questionable and violent, and have had an impact on the economic health of the region....

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Various key sources indefinitely establish that the that the needs of French Canadians were not met, which will be proven through an in depth analysis of Quebecois Nationalism, Heritage Problems in Quebec, as well as impending a...

322 17 African Nationalism - the term ‘African nationalism’ has been used in a very broad way.

To us, therefore, the struggle is a national struggle.

The nationalists, who had come to power due to a strong rural vote, initiated a process of trying to remove the few African workers that had remained in White farming districts. Likewise, the nationalists also had plans to transform labor tenancy into wage labor. As a result, most of the farmers who supported the unlimited supply of labor in 1930s and 1940s viewed labor tenancy as being economically devastating. The mutual agreement was that labor tenancy had to be stopped if agriculture was to modernize. Eventually, calls by White farmers were considered through the 1964 Bantu Laws Amendment Act (Martine, 2012). This Act repealed the 1932 Native Service Contract Act and also amended the tenancy provisions in the Land Act of 1936 which technically had a negative impact on labor tenancy. Thereafter, labor tenancy was gradually eliminated prompting evictions by farmers or Bantu Administration officials.

Du, (2012), states that there are two sides to Chinese nationalism.

As African resistance to racial discrimination escalated, the achievements that had been realized by the white minority since the beginning of the 20th century were seriously under threat. This crisis was further enhanced by the turn down of the reserve economies that were introduced during the apartheid period. Human rights activism from organizations that were against racial segregation was also threatening the migrant labor system that was relied upon by the Whites as a source of income. In addition, the protests also came at a time when secondary industrialization, the growth of the African populations, and African working class militancy were rampant in South Africa. When nationalist regime came into power in 1948, it developed some measures to handle the existing crisis (Christopher, 1990). Instead of addressing the problem of racial segregation in South Africa, the nationalist opted to convert the existing systems of segregationist into apartheid. Therefore, apartheid was introduced in order to maintain migrant labor and extend the benefits associated with cheap and controlled labor for farms, mines, and the growing manufacturing industry.

To begin, nationalism prompted racism to transpire between different nations and ethnic groups.

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Quebec nationalism has shaped the structure and dynamics of Canadian federalism from a centralized to a decentralized form of federal government (Beland and Lecours 2010, 423)....

In the 19th century this spirit of nationalism took hold throughout Europe

Verwoerd lies at the extreme end of exclusive nationalism.

Additionally, the National Party made some effort to enhance economic development in the “homelands” for them to become self-sufficient regardless of the fact that the reserves did not have access to natural resources and lacked basic infrastructure and industries. Using this approach, the White South Africa transferred the responsibility of its citizens into a system that could not sustain itself. Chiefs situated in homelands were on the payroll of the apartheid regime as the system tried to legitimize the oppression of the people.

Identity can be explained as understanding what or who a person or a thing is.

Nationalism has the strength to unify people despite their classes.

The widespread resistance to apartheid in South Africa was done in various forms that included non-violent demonstrations, strikes, protests, political action and armed resistance. For instance, ANC and the South Indian National Congress organized for a major meeting in 1952 where they persuaded the attendees to burn all their pass books. Another group, which was referring to itself as Congress of the People, approved a Freedom Charter in 1955 to assert that South Africa was owned by all those who lived in it regardless of their race. The government was not pleased with this meeting and broke it up and arrested more than 140 attendees and charged them with betrayal. Similarly in 1960, police opened fire to some unarmed Blacks who were associated with the Pan-African Congress (PAC). The group had gone to Sharpesville police station without their passes as a way of resisting racial segregation. Instead of listening to their grievances, the police opted to kill more than 65 Blacks, and wounded more than 170 people (Clark & Worger, 2013). Thereafter, many of the anti-apartheid leaders convinced their followers that it was not feasible to attain their goals through peaceful means. For this reason, both PAC and ANC established some military wings that posed a serious threat to the state. The state could not tolerate this and by 1961 most of the resistance leaders had been arrested and punished with long prison terms or even executed. Nelson Mandela, who founded Umkhonto we Sizwe (“Spear of the Nation”), the military wing of the ANC, was arrested and imprisoned for 27 years from 1963 to 1990. It was his imprisonment that drew a lot of international attention and global support for anti-apartheid.