Representative and responsible government: an essay …

This essay describes the failed attempt by the British government to retain control over Aboriginal policy even while establishing self-government for the colony of Western Australia. The British made the attempt through a clause (Section 70) in the colony’s 1889 Constitution, which provided that £5000, or one per cent of the annual revenue of the colony when it exceeded £500,000, be set aside annually for the welfare of Aboriginal people. In addition, the British-appointed and controlled Governor, rather than the colonial government, would manage Aboriginal policy. The settlers hated the clause and in 1897 succeeded in persuading the British government to repeal it. Yet Section 70 was not forgotten, a legal challenge in the Australian High Court to its repeal failing as recently as 2001. The story of Section 70 provides a window for viewing the conflicts and collusions between imperial authorities and their settler colonies on questions of Aboriginal policy.

Representative and Responsible Government: An Essay …

Ogden, "Representative and Responsible Government: An Essay on the British Constitution

Birch ," The Journal of Politics 27, no

The Royal Proclamation fuelled tensions between the French settlers and English merchants. In view of growing uneasiness in the Thirteen Colonies (the colonies that formed the United States of America following the American Revolution), representatives of the British government in Quebec believed their essential task was to ensure the loyalty of Quebec’s natural leaders – the clergy and seigneurs (the seigneurs were similar to lords or landlords, and were typically military leaders or aristocrats prior to being settlers). Their task was to subdivide large parcels of land into 5 x 15 kilometre concessions, which they would then rent to farmers and labourers). Ultimately, efforts were made to draft a constitution for the province. The Quebec Act, 1774 emerged from this effort.

Representative and responsible government : an essay …

This essay tells the story of the rise, fall, and aftermath of Section 70, a highly unusual provision within the Western Australian constitution of 1890. In insisting, against settler wishes, on the inclusion of this section, the British government attempted to retain control over Aboriginal policy even while granting self-government to this sixth and last Australian colony. It had done this with no other Australian colony, all of which had gained self-government decades earlier, in the 1850s. Section 70 provided that the British-appointed Governor, and not the newly self-governing local legislature, would control Aboriginal policy and the Aborigines Protection Board that managed it, and that one per cent of the colony’s revenue would be set aside for Aboriginal welfare. Several questions immediately arise. What is the significance of this story for British history? Why did the British government seek to maintain control over this particular policy domain while effectively devolving the rest of domestic matters to the colony? How did the section operate during its brief period of existence, and why was it repealed twice, first in 1897 and then again in 1905? How has it been remembered since? Finally, why did another legal challenge to its repeal finally fail in the Australian High Court as recently as 2001?

Representative and responsible government an essay on the british constitution.
Representative and responsible government: an essay on the British constitution. Add to My Bookmarks Export citation. Type Book Author(s) Birch, Anthony Harold

Patriots Question 9/11 - Responsible Criticism of the …

With the signing of the many conquered territories were restored to their pre-war owners. Britain made some substantial overseas gains at the expense of France, with France giving up its claim to New France and all its claims to the territory east of the Mississippi River. The Royal Proclamation, 1763, issued by King George III following the Treaty of Paris, was the first constitution granted to the territory of Quebec by the British Government. The Proclamation, issued on October 7, 1763, created the colony of Quebec (formerly part of New France) and substituted civil authority for military authority.
The constitution defined the new territory of the colony and named it the Province of Quebec.
What followed was a period of friction and adjustment – for French Canadian residents, the authorities, and for British merchants. Quebec, under the authority of the British, was now governed as a Crown colony. There was no representative Assembly. The Governor was the source of authority. French civil and criminal laws were abolished and the Test Oath (an oath requiring all office holders to formally accept articles of the Protestant faith) meant that no French Canadians were legally able to fill positions of authority or participate in the government.

Representative and responsible government: an essay in the British constitution. Add to My Bookmarks Export citation. Type Book Author(s) Birch, A. H.

Local Government in Bangladesh | Public Administration

The first signs of change came in 1870, two years after convict transportation to the colony ended, and with the settler population now over 25,000. At this point, Britain granted the colony increased representative government, with a part nominated and part elected Legislative Council. The political elites and powerful economic interests of the day, however, took another decade or more to develop a serious interest in a more thorough form of self-government. They knew from the experience of their counterparts to the east that self-government tended to bring with it, and quite rapidly too, increased democracy in the form of a wider franchise and thus new constraints on the power of those with wealth and property. By the 1880s, however, with the colony at last growing in population, and expanding economically on the basis of exports of wool and pearl products, employers were seeking a greater government role in raising loans for infrastructure projects such as railways, ports, and the telegraph. The Legislative Council realised that responsible government would give it more control over public finances and the sale and lease of land (Smith and Rafferty 39). Seeking greater independence in matters of economic management and control of land, the political elites thus began to press for self-government actively for the first time.

Representative and responsible government : an essay on the British constitution Birch, Anthony Harold

Signed in convention September 17, 1787

On July 4, 1776 the American Revolutionary War began in the United States. The result, in terms of constitutional development for what is known as Canada today, was an influx of United Empire Loyalists ( who had resettled in as an act of fealty to ) to Nova Scotia and Quebec. In Quebec, the Loyalists were concentrated west of the Ottawa River and the new immigrants demanded British institutions. The Loyalists brought with them expectations for representative government, fuelling demands made earlier by British merchants in Quebec. In order to appease them, a new Constitution was passed.