Religion is an almost universal institution in human society
The Role of Religion in Society. Essay - 1039 Words
The Jewish scriptures admirably illustrate the development from thereligion of fear to moral religion, a development continued in the NewTestament. The religions of all civilized peoples, especially the peoplesof the Orient, are primarily moral religions. The development from a religionof fear to moral religion is a great step in peoples' lives. And yet, thatprimitive religions are based entirely on fear and the religions of civilizedpeoples purely on morality is a prejudice against which we must be on ourguard. The truth is that all religions are a varying blend of both types,with this differentiation: that on the higher levels of social life thereligion of morality predominates.
The role of religion in society. - GCSE Sociology - …
But it must not be assumed that intelligent thinking can play no partin the formation of the goal and of ethical judgments. When someone realizesthat for the achievement of an end certain means would be useful, the meansitself becomes thereby an end. Intelligence makes clear to us the interrelationof means and ends. But mere thinking cannot give us a sense of the ultimateand fundamental ends. To make clear these fundamental ends and valuations,and to set them fast in the emotional life of the individual, seems tome precisely the most important function which religion has to performin the social life of man. And if one asks whence derives the authorityof such fundamental ends, since they cannot be stated and justified merelyby reason, one can only answer: they exist in a healthy society as powerfultraditions, which act upon the conduct and aspirations and judgments ofthe individuals; they are there, that is, as something living, withoutits being necessary to find justification for their existence. They comeinto being not through demonstration but through revelation, through themedium of powerful personalities. One must not attempt to justify them,but rather to sense their nature simply and clearly.