Quoting for any other purpose is counterproductive.

This handout provides examples of the MLA format for parenthetical citations within the text (see page ) as well as for your references (see ). The last section provides general guidelines on using notes for referencing in MLA style (see ).

The following alterations are acceptable:

As you choose quotations for a literary analysis, remember the purpose of quoting.

"Books are not life," Lawrence emphasized.

If you cite from multiple volumes, provide the total number of volumes just before the publication information. Make sure your in-text citation specifies the correct volume (see under "In-text Citations").

Why does Lawrence need to point out that "Books are not life"?

If the article is signed, start with the author's name; otherwise, start with the entry title. When you are citing familiar reference books, you only need to provide the edition and year of publication.

Your paper develops an argument about what the author of the text is doing--how the text "works."

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Boyd, C. G. "Making Peace with the Guilty: The Truth About Bosnia." 74.5 (1995): 22-38. Rpt. in Comp. I. Spears. Guelph: University of Guelph Bookstore, 2004. 255-64.

Use the title of the work in place of the author.

Author. "Title of part." Original Publication information. Rpt. in . Comp. Instructor's Name. Publication Information of Reader. Pages in Reader.

Add a short form of the title to distinguish between works.

To use footnotes or endnotes, insert a superscripted number at the place in the text where MLA would normally insert a parenthetical reference. Repeat that superscripted number as the first element in the note reference. Notes have an indented fi rst line, don't invert the author's name, and use commas in most of the places that a works cited reference would use a period. Use the following general formats as guidelines for creating note references.

... (Frye, 71). ... (Berton, 18). ... (Shelley, "Ozymandias" 6).

Course readers: Treat articles in a course reader as reprints in a collection compiled by the instructor (unless another compiler is indicated).

Commas and periods go inside the closing quotation marks; the other punctuation marks go outside.

A good comparative essay is like a multi-layered sandwich:

Although official MLA style no longer recommends using footnotes or endnotes for citations and referencing, many professors and students are so used to them that they prefer to do so. Always check with your instructor for the preferred method of citation and referencing.

FILLING B - How your other chosen poem illustrates this point.

Lecture notes: Treat these as books or nonperiodicals if they are published. Lecture notes are considered published if they have been copied and distributed in print or on the web .

When answering an exam question, keep these five criteria in mind.

The only difference between footnotes and endnotes is their placement: footnotes appear at the bottom of the page where the citation occurs, while endnotes appear at the end of your paper. Notes contain the full bibliographic information for your materials; always ask your instructor if you need to include a separate bibliography as well. if you do, follow the formats described under "List of Works Cited" above.