Lawrence's Women in Love and Plato's Symposium

Beauty's unmatched pedagogical effects, when the transfer of desiresucceeds, show why Plato talks about its goodness and goodconsequences, sometimes even its identity with “the good”(Laws 841c; Philebus 66a–b; Republic401c; Symposium 201c, 205e; but the relationship betweenbeautiful and good, especially in Symposium, iscontroversial: White 1989). These desirable effects also explain whyPlato speaks grudgingly of beauty in art and poetry. For him thequestion is not whether poems are beautiful (even perceived asbeautiful), and subsequently whether or not they belong in a theory ofthat prized aesthetic property. Another question matters more thaneither poetry or beauty does: What leads a mind toward knowledge andthe Forms? Things of beauty do so excellently well. Poems mostlydon't. When poems (or paintings) set the mind running alongunphilosophical tracks away from what is abstract and intelligible,the attractions they possess will be seen as meretricious. Thecorrupting cognitive effect exercised by poems demonstrates theirinability to function as Plato knows the beautiful object tofunction.

Lawrence's Women in Love and Plato's Symposium D.H.

This paper assesses love in Euripides Hippolytus and Plato’s Symposium.

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So the Phaedrus (250d–256b) and Symposiumignore people's experiences of other properties when they describe thefirst movement into philosophizing. Beautiful things remind souls oftheir mystery as no other visible objects do, and in his optimisticmoments Plato welcomes people's attention to them.

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Authors before Plato used mimêsis more vaguely than hedid, neither specially applying the word to a poetic process nornecessarily implying its fraudulence —with one importantexception. The comedies of Aristophanes, obsessed with Euripides andindeed with tragedy in general (Birds 787, 1444;Clouds 1091; Plutus 423–4), introduce commentsabout tragic stagecraft that say mimeisthai andmimêsis in consistently pejorative ways.

Aristophanes' Theory of love: from Plato's Symposium The love as discussed by the characters in the Symposium is homosexual love.

an argumentative essay about Plato’s Symposium …

The Symposium contains Plato's other major analysis ofbeauty. The three features of beauty in the Hippias Majorapply here as well. In the Symposium Socrates claims to bequoting his teacher Diotima on the subject of love, and in the lessonattributed to her she calls beauty the object of every love'syearning. She spells out the soul's progress toward ever-purer beauty,from one body to all, then through all beautiful souls, laws, andkinds of knowledge, to arrive at beauty itself (210a–211d).

Free Plato Symposium Essays and Papers

To look at this question we will take two small pieces of culture, a philosophical treatise, Plato's Symposium and the lyric poetry of Theognis and Anacreon....

Plato’s The Symposium Essay Example for Free

In general, a Form F differs from an individual Fthing in that F may be predicated univocally of the Form: TheForm F is F. An individual F thingboth is and is not F; in this sense the same propertyF can only be predicated equivocally of the individual (e.g.Republic 479a–c). Plato's analysis of equivocallyF individuals (Cratylus 439d–e,Symposium 211a) recalls observations that everyone makesabout beautiful objects. They fade with time; require an offsettingugly detail; elicit disagreements among observers; lose their beautyoutside their context (adult shoes on children's feet). Here beautydoes better than most other properties at meeting the criteria forForms and non-Forms. Odd numbers may fail to be odd in somehard-to-explain way, but the ways in which beautiful things fall shortof their perfection are obvious even to unphilosophical admirers.

Plato Symposium: Origin, Purpose and Nature of Law Essay

The fundamental datum in understanding Platonic beauty as part of whatwe would call Plato's aesthetics, or philosophy of art, is that Platosees no opposition between the pleasures that beauty brings and thegoals of philosophy. Plato mentions no other Form in theSymposium; beauty is Form enough. Philosophers meet thisbeauty in an experience in which they consummate their deepest lovewhile also attaining the loftiest knowledge.

Symposium, by Plato - Essay Example

One can articulate the same worry even remaining with theRepublic's terms. Shadows and reflections belong in thecategory of near-ignorance. Imitation works an effect worse thanignorance, not merely teaching nothing but engendering a pervertedpreference for ignorance over knowledge. Plato often observes that theignorant prefer to remain as they are (Symposium 204a), butthis turn toward ignorance is different. Why would anyone choose toknow less? The theoretical question is also a practical one. Ifmimêsis poisons the soul, why do so many people swallowit? Plato's attack on poetry saddles him with an aesthetic problem ofevil.