Over the Precipice: An Essay on Journey | World One-Two
Over the precipice an essay on journey
The Essay on Human Understanding, that most distinguished of all his works, is to be considered as a system, at its first appearance absolutely new, and directly opposite to the notions and persuasions then established in the world. Now as it seldom happens that the person who first suggests a discovery in any science is at the same time solicitous, or perhaps qualified to lay open all the consequences that follow from it; in such a work much of course is left to the reader, who must carefully apply the leading principles to many cases and conclusions not there specified. To what else but a neglect of this application shall we impute it that there are still numbers amongst us who profess to pay the greatest deference to Mr. Locke, and to be well acquainted with his writings, and would perhaps take it ill to have this pretension questioned; yet appear either wholly unable, or unaccustomed, to draw the natural consequence from any one of his principal positions? Why, for instance, do we still continue so unsettled in the first principles and foundation of morals? How came we not to perceive that by the very same arguments which that great author used with so much success in extirpating innate ideas, he most effectually eradicated all innate or connate senses, instincts, &c. by not only leading us to conclude that every such sense must, in the very nature of it, imply an object correspondent to and of the same standing with itself, to which it refers [as each relative implies its correlate], the real existence of which object he has confuted in every shape; but also by showing that for each moral proposition men actually want and may demand a reason or proof deduced from another science, and founded on natural good and evil: and consequently where no such reason can be assigned, these same senses or instincts, with whatever titles decorated, whether styled sympathetic or sentimental, common or intuitive,—ought to be looked upon as no more than mere habits; under which familiar name their authority is soon discovered, and their effects accounted for.
Over the precipice an essay on journey - Essay Writing Servi
The private and confidential nature of psychotherapy has been known to enhance clients' openness and disclosure as it can reduce feelings of shame and increase their sense of privacy, trust and safety (Zur, 2007a). However, the same private or isolated nature of therapy may also significantly increase the power of therapists over their clients. In the isolation of the office, clients are left to rely on their imaginations regarding their therapists and, as a result, many tend to unrealistically idealize their therapists and attribute great social and intellectual power, wisdom, beauty, or sex-appeal to them. In his book, The Transparent Self, Jourard (1971) discusses how lack of therapists' transparency leads to mystification and idealization of the therapists by the clients. Such an idealization or projection without any real life corroborative references or support is likely to give many therapists, not only the gratification of being adored, but also power over their unrealistically adoring clients. Psychoanalysis has emphasized the importance of therapy in isolation and anonymity of the therapists not only for the purpose of privacy and a way to increase self-disclosure but also for transferential-clinical reasons. While isolation and non-transparency of therapists may apply to psychoanalytic and psychodynamic techniques, for some reason the "blank screen" and lack of transparency is erroneously viewed as an industry-wide standard (Williams, 1997). The combination of analytic dogma and risk management practices has led scholars to instruct therapists to "Maintain therapist neutrality. Foster psychological separateness of the patient", Simon (1994, p. 514). Similarly, Strasburger, et al. state, "The slippery slope of boundary violations may be ventured upon first in the form of small, relatively inconsequential actions by the therapist . . Violations can involve excessive self-disclosure by the therapist to the patient" (Strasburger, Jorgenson, Sutherland, 1992, p. 547).