Orwell: Politics and the English Language - Resort
Global Business Speaks English - Harvard Business Review
In this essay, a discussion of major components in the language reform, specifically the Mandarin language, in China will be explored with the social, culture, and political issues that have influence the changes.
Revenge of the Nerds - Paul Graham
However, it is not well to dwell too much on the separable verbs. One issure to lose his temper early; and if he sticks to the subject, and will notbe warned, it will at last either soften his brain or petrify it. Personalpronouns and adjectives are a fruitful nuisance in this language, and shouldhave been left out. For instance, the same sound, sie, meansyou, and it means she, and it means her, and it meansit, and it means they, and it means them. Think of theragged poverty of a language which has to make one word do the work of six --and a poor little weak thing of only three letters at that. But mainly, thinkof the exasperation of never knowing which of these meanings the speaker istrying to convey. This explains why, whenever a person says sie to me,I generally try to kill him, if a stranger.
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It is not a matter of transporting information and experiences from the interior of one subject to the interior of the other one. It is rather a matter of being-with-one-another becoming manifest in the world, specifically by way of the discovered world, which itself becomes manifest in speaking with one another. Speaking with one another about something is not exchange of experiences back and forth between subjects, but a situation where the being-with-one-another is intimately involved in the subject matter under discussion. And it is only by way of this subject matter, in the particular context of always already being-with in the world, that mutual understanding develops.
Pebblebrook High School Home Page
The inventor of the language seems to have taken pleasure in complicatingit in every way he could think of. For instance, if one is casually referringto a house, Haus, or a horse, Pferd, or a dog, Hund, hespells these words as I have indicated; but if he is referring to them in theDative case, he sticks on a foolish and unnecessary e and spells themHause, Pferde, Hunde. So, as an added e oftensignifies the plural, as the s does with us, the new student is likelyto go on for a month making twins out of a Dative dog before he discovers hismistake; and on the other hand, many a new student who could ill afford loss,has bought and paid for two dogs and only got one of them, because heignorantly bought that dog in the Dative singular when he really supposed hewas talking plural -- which left the law on the seller's side, of course, bythe strict rules of grammar, and therefore a suit for recovery could notlie.