The ides of March: Julius Caesar is murdered
Use of iron: sundials: water clocks
In the theater, the President was without his main bodyguard who had wandered. Booth seized this opportunity, crept up behind the president, and waited for the perfect opportunity to shoot the President with a round-slug 44. He waited for a funny moment in the play hoping that the laughter would muffle the sound of the gunshot (Furtwangler 142). Booth managed to assassinate President Lincoln and made an escape. However, a manhunt ensued, and he was apprehended twelve days later in a barn-house where he was shot and died soon after. Ultimately, the murder of President Lincoln brought forward many controversies regarding the issues of race, politics, and equality.
Beginning of the Age of Pericles
Two days prior to the assassination, Cassius held a meeting with the liberators and informed them that they should turn their swords against themselves if their plan was ever leaked. On March Ides of 44BC or March 15 in the Roman Calender, a group of Senators summoned Caesar and asked him to read a petition in the forum. This petition was a move by the senators requiring him to surrender power and hand it back to the Senate. However, this petition was fraudulent. Mark Antony had somehow learnt of the plot to assassinate Caesar the previous night from one of the liberators, Servilius Casca. In a desperate act, Antony attempted to prevent this by warding off Caesar at the theater’s pass on Pompey (Alvin 47). He led him to a room that adjoined the east portico. The murder of Caesar occurred as he was reading the fake petition. The first attempt failed as Caesar managed to hold off the first attacker. However, the rest of the Liberators led by Brutus descended on him on the lower portico steps. He was stabbed 23 times (Parissien 52).
Alvin B. Kernan. . New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009. Print.
As stated earlier, the decision to assassinate Lincoln was made when he made the speech outside the White House on 11 April to promote black voting rights. Additionally, Lincoln was looking to use his authority to cultivate a sense of equality in America and end slavery. At this time, racism was rife in the United States and many people including Booth and the governor of Maine, who owned over sixty-five slaves at the time, were not amused with this decision. In 1861, Lincoln acted to fulfill his desire to cultivate equality by suspending the constitution. Consequently, a civil war was declared. Suspension of the constitution warranted executive orders. It is important to understand that the only way a President was allowed to make an executive order was when the constitution was suspended. People like Booth saw this as abuse of office (Morse 41).