john stuart mills utilitarian approach

There are many editions of Mill's more popular andinfluential works, including many of his writings in moral andpolitical philosophy. The definitive edition of Mill'swritings is Collected Works of John Stuart Mill [CW],33 volumes, ed. J. Robson (Toronto: University of Toronto Press,1965–91) and .In order to facilitate common reference among readers using differenteditions of his most commonly read texts—Utilitarianism,On Liberty, A System of Logic, and Principles ofPolitical Economy—I will refer to those works using naturaldivisions in his texts, such as chapter, section, and/orparagraph. Otherwise, I will refer to Mill's works usingpagination in his Collected Works. I refer to thefollowing works, employing the associated abbreviations.

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john stuart mill utilitarianism

John Stuart Mill opens his utilitarian postulation by asserting that ethical statements cannot be subjected to scientific or mathematical provability (West 23)....

The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill Volume X Essays on

This is the main idea of the system of thought and it is from this the beliefs and opinions of John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873), Jeremy Bentham (1748 - 1832) and other early utilitarians were developed....

One of the most prominent writers on the theory of utilitarianism is John Stuart Mill.

John Mill-Utilitarianism Essay - Anti Essays

People go to any means by which to obtain the many varied materials and issues that induce pleasures in each individual, and intrinsically, this emotion remains the ultimate goal, John Stuart Mill, a nineteenth century philosopher, correctly advocated the pursuit of happiness, and maintained the concept that above all other values, pleasure existed as the final destination, Mill's hedonistic views correctly and rationally identified a natural human tendency, and his Utilitarian arguments strongly support the theory that above all else, happiness is the most important dream to be fulfilled....

John mill utilitarianism essay College paper Academic Writing Service

John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) was the most famous andinfluential British philosopher of the nineteenth century. He was oneof the last systematic philosophers, making significant contributionsin logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, andsocial theory. He was also an important public figure, articulating theliberal platform, pressing for various liberal reforms, and serving inParliament. During Mill's lifetime, he was most widely admired for hiswork in theoretical philosophy and political economy. However, nowadaysMill's greatest philosophical influence is in moral and politicalphilosophy, especially his articulation and defense of utilitarianismand liberalism (Nicholson 1998). This entry will examine Mill'scontributions to the utilitarian and liberal traditions. We willconcentrate on his two most popular and best known works,Utilitarianism (1861, cited as U) and OnLiberty (1859, cited as OL), drawing on other texts whenthis sheds light on his utilitarian and liberal principles. We willconclude by looking at how Mill applies these principles to issues ofpolitical and sexual equality in Considerations on RepresentativeGovernment (1859, cited as CRG), Principles ofPolitical Economy (1848, cited as PPE), and TheSubjection of Women (1869, cited as SW).

John Stuart Mill (1808-73) believed in an ethical theory known as utilitarianism.

John Stuart Mill's most famous essays written in 1861

Bentham is not unaware of this tension. He addresses part of theproblem in the political context in other writings, notably hisPlan for Parliamentary Reform (1817). In the politicalcontext, the problem is how we can get self-interested rulers to rulein the interest of the governed, as utilitarianism implies that theyshould. Bentham's answer invokes his commitment to representativedemocracy. We can reconcile self-interested motivation and promotion ofthe common good if we make rulers democratically accountable to (all)those whom they govern, for this tends to make the interest of thegoverned and the interest of the governors coincide. Bentham'sargument, elaborated by James Mill in his Essay on Government,is something like this.

In his essay, Utilitarianism Mill elaborates on Utilitarianism as a moral theory and responds to misconceptions about it.

John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism and Pleasure Essay

Mill's utilitarian justification of secondary principles is intendedas a contrast with the intuitionism of William Whewell and others. Ashe makes clear in his essay “Whewell on MoralPhilosophy”(CW X), Mill thinks that the intuitionistwrongly treats familiar moral precepts as ultimate moral factors whosejustification is supposed to be self-evident. By contrast, Mill'saccount of secondary principles recognizes their importance in moralreasoning but insists that they are neither innate nor infallible; theyare precepts that have been adopted and internalized because of theiracceptance value, and their continued use should be suitably regulatedby their ongoing comparative acceptance value. Far from underminingutilitarian first principles, Mill thinks, appeal to the importance ofsuch moral principles actually provides support for utilitarianism.

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John Stuart Mill And Utilitarianism Essays

The Classical Utilitarians, Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill,identified the good with pleasure, so, like Epicurus, were hedonistsabout value. They also held that we ought to maximize the good,that is, bring about ‘the greatest amount of good for thegreatest number’.