On international environmental law.

Cameron, James, Jacob Werksman, and Peter Roderick, eds. Improving Compliance with International Environmental Law. London: Earthscan, 1996.

: International Environmental Law | Usa Online Essays

Outline and evaluate the role and effectiveness on international law protecting the environment.

: International Environmental Law | Essay Hand

The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law provides an analysis of the complex field of international environmental law in general and acknowledges the importance of compliance, implementation, and enforcement, in particular by devoting an entire part (Part VII) to the analysis of these issues.

: International Environmental Law Academic Essay | …

Fitzmaurice, Malgosia, David Ong, and Panos Merkouris, eds. Research Handbook on International Environmental Law. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2010.

Kerbrat, Yann, and Sandrine Maljean-Dubois. The Transformation of International Environmental Law. Oxford: Pedone and Hart, 2011.
Bodansky, Daniel. The Art and Craft of International Environmental Law. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010.

International Environmental Law Case - Univ Essay …

This collection of essays both from academics and practitioners provides a perspective on how to achieve compliance with and enforcement of environmental laws. The examined issues range from enforcement of MEAs and compliance strategies, to the role of courts and citizens in compliance, to the protection of natural resources.

DiMento, Joseph F. The Global Environment and International Law. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2003.

Environmental Law – Usa Online Essays

Noting that US procedures, such as depositions and unlimited discovery, had not been adopted in international arbitration, Mr Chan commented that civil law jurisdictions have probably had a greater influence in shaping this aspect of international arbitration practice as compared to common law jurisdictions.

In the last session, the civil law and common law-trained panellists from the first two sessions came together for a joint Q&A segment.

It is our objective to increase awareness about the international laws and regulations regarding the atmosphere.

Environmental Law Essays 1 - 30 Anti Essays

International environmental law encompasses the legal norms and processes that address transboundary, regional, or global environmental issues. International environmental concerns generally result from human impacts on the natural environment, such as pollution or resource use related to production or consumption processes. Environmental problems pose at least five distinctive challenges for international law. First, because they typically result from private activities () rather than from government action, international environmental law must either engage these actors directly or, as has been the predominant approach to date, prompt states to regulate private actors under their jurisdictions. Second, because international environmental problems, or scientific understanding of them, tend to evolve rapidly and sometimes unexpectedly, international environmental law often operates under conditions of uncertainty and must be adaptable to changing needs or knowledge. Third, international environmental law must deal with multiple interconnections. International environmental problems, by definition, not only transcend jurisdictional boundaries, but they also implicate social, political, and economic processes, as has come to be expressed through the concept of sustainable development (). Moreover, because many international environmental problems are intertwined with one another, action or inaction on one issue implicates one or more other issues. Fourth, many international environmental issues, and virtually all global environmental concerns, require cooperation between industrialized and developing countries (), raising complex and highly charged questions of equity and capacity (). Finally, international environmental problems frequently require not only the balancing of potentially competing contemporary interests and priorities, but also have significant implications for future generations of humanity (). The evolution of international environmental law has been shaped by these closely intertwined challenges (). Customary or soft law principles () have emerged that reflect the various dimensions sketched above. Perhaps in recognition of the fact that environmental problem-solving requires cooperation rather than confrontation, the primary role of these principles has been to help frame the negotiation and operation of international environmental agreements () and the activities of international institutions (). Indeed, the bulk of international environmental lawmaking, implementation, and compliance control () occurs today under the auspices of the hundreds of environmental agreements that are now in existence. International courts and tribunals () have played only a relatively small role in the application of customary or treaty law to environmental issues in the course of dispute settlement. Similarly, the law of state responsibility has found only limited application in the environmental context and states have preferred to negotiate civil liability regimes to address specific risks, such as those posed by oil pollution or nuclear energy production (). This article focuses on the major structural elements and key characteristics of international environmental law rather than on developments in the various substantive issue areas.