The rat's stomach has two parts (Robert 1971):
As the Fenwicks point out, if OBEs and NDEs are hallucinations,
Fox is speaking as if he ahead of time what these different people have experienced. But of course assuming that these reports are describing the same thing regardless of what they actually say begs the question, for that is the very issue of contention. Fox asserts that the episode of darkness is what is encountered, but that it is being described as 'space'—but ? Of course he doesn't know; he just assumes.
Veridical Paranormal Perception During OBEs?
After finding several accounts of visiting outer space in the RERC archives, Fox asserted that many NDErs "were found to use the descriptor 'space' to describe the episode of darkness" (Fox 265). Soon after he wrote: "The significance of the word 'space' to describe the darkness encountered in these experiences will be returned to" (265). Finally, Fox skewed what was actually reported by NDErs by concluding that many of his RERC respondents "describe an encounter with some sort of darkness motif in terms seemingly suggestive of a visit to outer space" (277).
may be viewed at the New York Times.
(1) In other NDEs that, on the survivalist interpretation, is assumed to take place in a soul or double that separated from the normal physical body long ago. The Fenwicks report an NDE during a hernia operation where a bodily sensation is felt well into the experience: