David Bordwell, Janet Staiger, and Kristin Thompson
PANTOUM: A variant spelling of pantun (see below).
PERIPHRASIS (Grk. "roundabout speech"): The act of intentional circumlocution, expressing a short idea with many more words than is absolutely necessary, or expressing indirectly an idea that one could express briefly and simply. J.A. Cuddon cites an example the sentence, "Her olfactory system was suffering from a temporary inconvenience," instead of "her nose was blocked" (701). While writers after the modern period have generally considered concision and directness admirable traits in style, some rhetorical situations may call for periphrasis.
Some basic questionsHere is the opening of our book proposal.
Journalists and bloggers often complain about humanists, and the common theme is obscurity. Long sentences laced with jargon and theoretical gymnastics. Research topics of interest only to a small enough group of scholars to fit around a seminar table. And “useless.” So useless that the public ought not to subsidize students foolish enough to indulge their fascination with words, symbols, narratives, and paradoxes. Humanists—so the books and blog posts that assess higher education keep telling us—have sold their birthright for a mess of pottage. Once upon a time, humanists taught great texts and raised big questions. Their courses might have lacked a certain specificity, but they had a soul. And nobody worried in those days about whether those courses led to a job.
PICKUP SYLLABLE: Another term for the unstressed syllable in .
PERFECTING: In the Renaissance printing industry, the term "perfecting" refered to printing on the second side of a sheet of paper after the first side of that sheet had already been printed to make a double-sided copy. In the 1500s, printers would typically do the side of the sheet in the morning and the side in the afternoon or evening. By the 1700s, it became common to use two presses consecutively--one side done on the first press and the other side done on the second press.
To this we may add the following observation:
Unlike form and style, reception has occupied the attention of many researchersin the last few decades. Today I would suggest that we need some hypotheses abouthow concrete conditions of reception could influence the look and sound of thefilms. Theatre layout, screen size, and schedules of the showing day could wellbe important factors.