The state must prove that the defendant is guilty.

Other exceptions include defendants who claimself-defense or duress.)

In criminal litigation, the state must prove that the defendant satisfiedeach element of the statutory definition of the crime, and the defendant'sparticipation, "beyond a reasonable doubt."It is difficult to put a valid numerical value on the probability thata guilty person really committed the crime, but legal authorities who doassign a numerical value generally say "at least 98% or 99%" certaintyof guilt.

This is a very low standard, compared to criminal law.

They are surprised whenthey learn the actual legal principles that apply to a problem.

Amendment V. This protection takes two forms:

HOW HAVE THE COURTS’ BLURRING OF THE LINE BETWEEN CREDIT AND ISSUE AFFECTED THE LAW CONCERNING COLLATERAL ISSUES AND THE FINALITY RULE? IS THERE NEED FOR REFORM?

Amendment VI, as interpreted in, among other cases,

Cross & Tapper offer an authoritative and well-cited definition of the finality rule: that in general “answers given by a witness to questions put to him in cross-examination concerning collateral facts must...


The law regards "wilful blindness" as equivalent to knowledge.

To be compellable, a witness must first be competent. A witness is competent where he can be lawfully called to give evidence, and is compellable if he has a legal obligation to...

Jewell, 532 F.2d 697, 700-701 (9th Cir.

Critically evaluate the importance of judicial discretion to exclude evidence, with particular regard to evidence unlawfully, improperly or unfairly obtained and consider how, if at all judicial discretion has been affected by the Human rights act 1998. Two part question: 1) How important is the discretion to exclude evidence? 2) How much has judicial discretion been affected by the human rights act?

Analysis of Fingerprint Evidence using Digital Imaging Techniques.

HOW HAVE THE COURTS’ BLURRING OF THE LINE BETWEEN CREDIT AND ISSUE AFFECTED THE LAW CONCERNING COLLATERAL ISSUES AND THE FINALITY RULE? IS THERE NEED FOR REFORM?

We are based in Hulme near to the Manchester University campus.

In order to prosecute alleged offences, evidence such as testimony from eyewitness, fingerprint, hair, DNA, etc. which should provided in court accurately. These evidences are only allowed in legal proceedings when they...

These expenses can be tens of thousands of dollars.

To be compellable, a witness must first be competent. A witness is competent where he can be lawfully called to give evidence, and is compellable if he has a legal obligation to...

This doctrine still has vitality and validity today.

When psychologists act as expert witnesses a number of issues are raised surrounding the admissibility of their evidence. Discuss these issues with reference to eyewitness testimony and domestic violence, then make suggestions as to how these issues might be resolved.

King, 257 N.W.2d 693, 697 (1977).

When psychologists act as expert witnesses a number of issues are raised surrounding the admissibility of their evidence. Discuss these issues with reference to eyewitness testimony and domestic violence, then make suggestions as to how these issues might be resolved.