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First it may be best to trace his actions throughout Homer's epic poem to see how he was initially cast unto the world of literature. Homer stood at the end of an epic-telling tradition -- at the end of a tradition of poetry that is called oral poetry. Oral poetry was handed down from generation to generation, and dealt with traditional stories that were well known. Some of the stories existed in the late Bronze Age and were passed on by word of mouth. Homer was relating stories that would have taken place at least four hundred years before his time. The Trojan War was fought between the Greeks and Trojans, and acts as the backdrop for the action in Homer's . Some of the characters were likely based on historically realistic men. For example, in , G.S. Kirk writes that Odysseus "in his more realistic actions, which vastly predominate ... is based on the conception of a real if provincial chieftain from north-western Greece." But many of Homer's characters are decidedly one-dimensional and are seen only as instruments to precipitate victory in a long and drawn-out war. Near the beginning of the poem, Odysseus is shown to be more diverse. He is the one to whom Athena goes when Agamemnon's plan to boost the morale of his army backfires and they happily begin to ready themselves to go home after more than nine years of fighting. Agamemnon has ended his speech by saying:

I know. Jolly good show. Like the Coral Island.

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The poetry of A. S. Kline - selected from his Collected Works.

The play opens with a speech by Dionysus, who, disguised as a mortal priest of his own religion, complains about the fact that the city of Thebes, and its king, Pentheus, has refused to honor him. Therefore, he has caused the women of Thebes to go mad and run off like crazed Girl Scouts into the wilderness as a demonstration of his power -- and plans to do a few more demonstrations, should Pentheus come running after the women.

W.B. Stanford echoes Helen's words in :

Odysseus' strong suit by far seems to be the way in which he uses words to achieve whatever goal he desires. Homer calls him "Odysseus, the equal of Zeus in counsel" on more than one occasion, which was a fine compliment. W.B. Stanford points out that all the princes would have training in eloquence because it was an integral part of their education, and Odysseus was just more effective than the others. With this ability, his specialty is as an ambassador for the Atreidae and this is his primary function. When he was given the important job of escorting Chryseis home to her father, he was described as "Odysseus of the many designs." His next mission was a member of the embassy that tried to convince Achilles to rejoin the fighting and to help them win the war. The Atreidae sent for him and he begins his speech to Achilles by complimenting him and assuring him that he is needed "to rescue the afflicted sons of the Achaians from the Trojan onslaught." He mentions the good advice that Achilles' father Peleus gave him about being careful with his anger, and begins to list off all the gifts that Agamemnon has promised for his return. Odysseus related Agamemnon's words verbatim until he comes to these:

You should see some similiarities from the passages above to scenes in Lord of the Flies.

Joachim Du Bellay's Les Antiquités de Rome.

In some respects, the description of the night mission into enemy territory creates the greatest moments of apprehension and fear in the poem. Besides being the only military operation to take place in the dark, the reader also seems to be creeping along with Diomedes and Odysseus, who are slowly making their way through body parts and pools of blood. Hektor has also sent out a spy that night, a man named Dolon, and it is "illustrious Odysseus" who hears him approaching and thinks of a plan to trap him. Diomedes savagely kills him. Odysseus asks Athena for guidance in finding the way to the newly arrived Thracians, who have brought many horses with them. Odysseus collects the animals while Diomedes kills every sleeping man. When they return to their own ships with the booty, Odysseus gives the credit to his comrade and never mentions his own input. He is the one who showed prudence and caution as Diomedes takes care of the more dangerous job of killing. All in all, the incident shows that Odysseus is brave, modest, and protected by Athena. This is illustrated again in Book Eleven when Odysseus is stabbed by Sokos, and yet saved from death by the goddess.

Work Consulted: Olsen, Kirstin. Understanding Lord of the Flies. Westport: Greenwood, 2000.

Translated from the Anglo-Saxon of the Exeter Book.

The chapter needs no explanation; it is a definite point of view of life, and recommends a course of action calculated to rob the creator of his cruel sport.

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The charming 13th century French ‘chantefable’.

Nicole Serratore writes about theater for The Village Voice, The Stage, American Theatre magazine, TDF Stages, and Flavorpill. She was a co-host and co-producer of the Maxamoo theater podcast. She blogs at Mildly Bitter's Musings.

A new Anthology of 1400 Quotations from the complete works arranged by theme.

Atala. Love and religion in the wilds of America.

They also state incorrectly that there are no representations of the crucified Jesus before the fifth century. As Raymond Brown noted in , there are about a half-dozen depictions of the crucified Jesus dated between the and fifth century, and even if this were not so, the depiction in the Gospels amounts to the same thing. Freke and Gandy chose rather a poor exemplar to feature on their cover.