Malthusian Theory of Population
Mill makes two far-reaching qualifications to his principle that the boundaries of state and nation should coincide. First, circumstances may sometimes render it difficult or impossible to implement: for example, in parts of Europe, notably the Austrian Empire, nationalities were so intricately intermingled as to make separate national states impracticable. In such cases the people affected must make a virtue of necessity and tolerantly accept life together under regimes of equal rights and equal laws. Second, it is often socially advantageous for a small nationality, rather than pursuing political independence, to merge in a larger one. He thinks it preferable for a Breton or Basque to become a part of the richly-endowed French nation than “to sulk on his own rocks, the half-savage relic of past times, revolving in his own little mental orbit, without participation or interest in the general movement of the world” (549). He believes that this also applies to the Welshman and the Scottish Highlander. Whatever his sympathy for such small nations, he is confident that their members would reap cultural benefits from close association with the larger nation, and in return confer benefits. In this type of situation it is essential for the weaker to receive not only equal justice but equal consideration, and thus help to blend qualities inherent in the different nationalities to the advantage of mankind.
Malthus an essay on the principle of population analysis
An Essay on the Principle of Population ..
[T]he principle which regulates the existing social relationsbetween the two sexes—the legal subordination of one sex to theother—is wrong in itself, and now one of the chief hindrances tohuman improvement; and … it ought to be replaced by a principleof perfect equality, admitting no power or privilege on the one side,nor disability on the other. (SW 261)
An Essay On The Principle Of Population Summary
Mill applies his liberal principles to issues of sexual equalityprimarily in The Subjection of Women. He denounces existingforms of sexual inequality in clear and unequivocal terms.