Popular, But Pitifully Weak, Arguments

I believe death is less tragic, other things being equal, when1) a person is himself or herself ready for it, than when he or she isnot; 2) a person not ready for it dies without knowledge of it (e.g., suddenlyand painlessly in sleep or in a swift and unexpected accident); 3) a personis unlikely to experience much (more) good from being alive, particularlywhen only (or much) sorrow, pain, or grief is what is left to them in life;(4) they are not going to achieve, accomplish, or contribute to othersmuch more then they already have.

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5) Some genetic parents do not form any sort of bond with their children.

Abortion access: all points of view - Ontario Consultants …

"The Silent Scream" was also intended, I believe, to argue that thefetus resists being aborted and by doing so shows that even an early embryohas a will to live and/or is aware of efforts to end its life. There ismedical neurological argument to the contrary, but that is perhaps questionabletoo. I would rather argue that the apparent resistance to abortion is farless likely a sign of awareness of what is going on than it is some sortof reflex or reaction to a specific stimulus. Babies or children (and evenadults) sometimes draw away from or seem to resist stimuli without havingany reason for it, and sometimes are even attracted to things which arefatal or painful. In fact, it is often very difficult to get children tounderstand about death and that certain things can kill them or hurt themvery badly. Trying to teach children to be careful around cars, for example,is not an easy task. I find it difficult to believe that an embryo hasan understanding of death and danger that a child does not.

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Rather, I am thinking of the second sense of the type. The artist is an aesthete. Whereas is a set of skills that may be acquired through practice, aesthetic awareness must be cultivated by a difficult discipline. It requires a certain habit of mind that is quite different from ordinary awareness. It is a sensitivity to the subtleties of beauty and sensual pleasure. It is a familiarity with the positive and negative aspects of stimulation, and an appreciation of the necessity of both forms. Whereas the artist as craftsman might produce a religious object of devotion, the artist as aesthete is diametrically opposed to the believer.

[But there is much more to this. See the above section in the main essay: "
Religion & Morality A Contradiction Explained

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Take the case of brutal rape-induced pregnancy, for example. Surelyno one would want their child to be raised by a person with a brutal rapistmentality, taught in school by someone with such a mentality, to be friendswith such a person, nor to be married to such a person. We would do everythingwe could to prevent such exposures to our children. But if genetic make-uphas much to do with such a mentality, if we allow our child to be born,we are quite possibly dooming someone who is in part like us to be always influenced by someone who has the very kind of character we would neverwant our child exposed to, because it would be a permanent, inherent partof them. Even if a sensitive woman would not have to rear, or even gestate,such a child, does she not have some very strong right to want to terminatethe fetal life at a very early stage in order to prevent the kind of qualityof life she envisions for a child that is genetically (and in certain ways,emotionally) half hers? I do not know. I am not certain enough is knownabout how we develop into the kinds of human beings we become, and/or howwe develop our views on the value of the quality of our own life to knowhow reasonable such an argument might be. Again, however, the argumentof the friend of mine -- that the (prospective) baby is innocent, and shouldnot be terminated because of his father's crime -- is irrelevant, becausethe pregnant woman who would give the above kind of argument also seesthe child as innocent and therefore undeserving of being made to live akind of life that would be horrible. I doubt any rape-induced woman evenentertains the idea of aborting the child in order to punish the rapistfor his crime. Tay-Sachs disease or Downs syndrome is perhaps a more obviousor more arguable kind of case. The compassionate prospective parent isnot arguing that the baby should be aborted because it is somehow guiltyof something, or would be hard to rear, but because the child is innocentand does not deserve to be made to live the kind of life and die the kindof early death that such defects cause. Compassion and appreciation ofthe baby's innocence can be on both sides of the argument. They, by themselves,do not determine what is right to do.

Introduction

Metaphor, Morality, and Politics - Webster's World of …

Faith is by definition not rational—that is, it is belief in the absence of verification. (If you do not think this is a fair definition of faith, look it up. I got this from the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, item 2b.) If every assertion were subject to question, the faithful would have to admit that they hold their beliefs without rational basis. If the public sphere were to promote the free contest of ideas, religious belief would wither under the scrutiny of scientific rationality, just as Durkheim expected. As with nationalism, faith is secured by appeals to emotion, not critical thinking. Emotion in crowds tends toward panic or violence. (Remember the rule of the lowest common denominator.)

What Would Nietzsche Do? Nietzsche and Abortion; or …

MORAL PSYCHOLOGY AND THE MISUNDERSTANDING OF …

It is no wonder, then, that those who are religious are incapable of moral action, just as children are. To be moral requires that one accept full responsibility for oneself. In order to act in the world as an adult, one must be able to recognize that the world is structured and the situatedness of all individual action. The choices that present themselves in the course of day-to-day living are influenced by social forces over which we have no control. Moreover, there is an element of randomness in the flow of events that prevents any of us from being able to predict fully what will happen next. Morality is a basis for making choices, in the context of a probabilistic world, embedded in a particular political economy.