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The Matter is the original primitive material substance semi-spiritual, immortal and containing in itself the archetypes of all form and possessing the double potency of attracting to itself individual spirits and also particles of gross Matter to form their temporary envelope on this plane (the gnostic Rotten Place).

The resources listed below include:

Understanding the Functions of Proteins and DNA (revised 8/2017)

Enzymes Help Us Digest Food (revised 2/2017)

During the 17 th and 18 th centuries, these primitive doctrines were refined into a scientific school of thought called preformationism, which held that living beings were essentially fully-formed prior to conception.

Structure and Function of Molecules and Cells (revised 9/2014)

This analysis and discussion activity helps students to understand how biological communities change during succession after a disturbance. Students analyze research evidence and explore how the interactions between different types of plants and animals influence succession. Students use their understanding of the processes involved in succession to construct and evaluate models of succession in abandoned farm fields. Students also analyze the effects on succession of climate and non-native invasive plants. (NGSS)

A Scientific Investigation – What types of food contain starch and protein? (revised 9/2016)

That is fulness to overflowing.

In this activity, students analyze evidence from comparative anatomy, mathematical modeling, and molecular biology. This evidence suggests a likely sequence of steps in the evolution of the human eye and the octopus eye. General concepts used to interpret this evidence include natural selection, fitness, and the difference between homology (similarity due to common descent) and analogy (similarity due to convergent evolution). Optional additional questions presented in the Teacher Notes can be used to discuss topics such as the contributions to evolution of gene duplication and mutations in the regulatory DNA sequences that control gene expression. (NGSS)

Who Took Jerell’s iPod? -- An Organic Compound Mystery (revised 11/2012)

Cell Vocabulary Review Game (new 7/2011)

This analysis and discussion activity contains three "soap opera" episodes that contribute to student understanding of the principles of inheritance and the relevance of genetics to everyday life. In the first episode, students explain the relevant biology to answer the probing questions of a skeptical father who wants to know how his baby could be albino when neither he nor his wife are albino. The second episode, "Were the babies switched?" covers the concepts of co-dominance, incomplete dominance, polygenic inheritance, and the combined effects of genes and the environment on phenotypic characteristics. In the third episode, students analyze sex-linked inheritance. Each episode can be used separately or with other episodes, depending on your teaching goals. (NGSS)

This game reviews introductory chemistry, including organic compounds and chemical reactions.

How do biological organisms use energy? (revised 11/2016)

Kraus: "Die Gnosis", Artemis, Zuerich/Muenchen 1969; Wilhelm Bousset: "Hauptprobleme der Gnosis", Vandenhoeck + Ruprecht, Goettingen 1907; Kurt Rudolph: "Die Gnosis", Vandenhoeck + Ruprecht, Goettingen 1980; Hans Jonas: "Gnosis und Spaetantiker Geist", Vandenhoeck + Ruprecht, Stuttgart 1934; Johann Maier: "Vom Kultus zur Gnosis", Otto Mueller Verlag, Salzburg 1964; Elaine Pagels: "The Gnostic Gospels", Random House, New York 1979; Wolfang Schultz: "Dokumente der Gnosis", Matthes + Seitz, Muenchen 1986; Hans Leisegang: "Die Gnosis", Kroener, Stuttgart 1985; and many more

Cell Structure and Function – Major Concepts and Learning Activities (revised 9/2015)

It rises up to higherplanes (e.g.

In common experience, the term "adapting" usually refers to changes during an organism's lifetime. In contrast, evolutionary biologists use the term "adaptation" to refer to a heritable trait that increases fitness. To help students reconcile these different concepts, this activity introduces the concept of phenotypic plasticity (the ability of an organism to adapt to different environments within its lifetime). Questions guide students in analyzing how the balance between the advantages and disadvantages of a characteristic (e.g. an animal’s color) can vary in different circumstances, how phenotypic plasticity can be a heritable trait that can optimize fitness in a variable environment, and how natural selection can influence the amount of phenotypic plasticity in a population. (NGSS)