- Anatomy and Physiology discuss the two branches in the

On October 21, 1911, five years before assuming the throne, Ven. Emperor Karl married Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma, who shared his deep religious faith. The couple would eventually have eight children, and even amid the trials of war, revolution and exile would build a solid Christian home for them. There were always daily family devotions (the Rosary, novenas, Scripture reading), family catechism lessons, daily Mass, and particular pious practices promoted by the Habsburgs over the centuries and known to Catholic history as the Pietas Austriaca (devotion to the Blessed Sacrament, the Holy Cross, the Immaculate Conception, and Corpus Christi).

Includes "From Freedom to Bondage," by Herbert Spencer.

 - Cardiovascular System research papers examine the organ system that regulates the body.

Some essays published earlier as pamphlets

Karl was born on August 17, 1887, at the Castle of Persenbeug in Lower Austria. As he was the great-nephew of the then ruling Emperor, Franz Joseph, it was not envisioned at his birth that it would one day fall to him to rule. Yet, his education prepared him for the task.
That as Emperor he would rule wants to be emphasized. The emperors of the Holy Roman Empire and then the Austro-Hungarian one did not merely reign, like the European monarchs who remain today, all of the “constitutional” ones. By the time of Karl’s accession their power was no longer absolute as it still was with the Russian Tsar, but it was real. None was a figurehead unless rendered so by personal incapacity.
Karl grew up imbued with a deep personal trust in God and equipped with all the Catholic moral principles whose political application he would combine, as Emperor, with his appreciation for the Church’s social doctrine. He came to the throne in 1916 due to a series of tragic events: the death at Mayerling (some say by suicide and others by assassination) of Franz Joseph’s only son, Archduke Rudolph; the early death of his own father, Otto, in 1906; and the assassination of his uncle Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo in 1914.

Frederick Engels, Ernest Untermann, eds.

Of course, a positive growth rate might be taken as evidencethat a population is below its optimum. However, by anyreasonable standards, the most rapidly growing populations onearth today are (in general) the most miserable. This association(which need not be invariable) casts doubt on the optimisticassumption that the positive growth rate of a population isevidence that it has yet to reach its optimum.

Genetics Basics - Lesson 1: The basics of DNA and genetic disease, including phenotype and genotype

in the Sumerian city-state of Lagash.

We want the maximum good per person; but what is good? To oneperson it is wilderness, to another it is ski lodges forthousands. To one it is estuaries to nourish ducks for hunters toshoot; to another it is factory land. Comparing one good withanother is, we usually say, impossible because goods areincommensurable. Incommensurables cannot be compared.

- Research papers and essays on the Nervous system.

The second reason springs directly from biological facts. Tolive, any organism must have a source of energy (for example,food). This energy is utilized for two purposes: mere maintenanceand work. For man maintenance of life requires about 1600kilocalories a day ("maintenance calories"). Anythingthat he does over and above merely staying alive will be definedas work, and is supported by "work calories" which hetakes in. Work calories are used not only for what we call workin common speech; they are also required for all forms ofenjoyment, from swimming and automobile racing to playing musicand writing poetry. If our goal is to maximize population it isobvious what we must do: We must make the work calories perperson approach as close to zero as possible. No gourmet meals,no vacations, no sports, no music, no literature, no art Ithink that everyone will grant, without argument or proof, thatmaximizing population does not maximize goods. Bentham's goal isimpossible.

Five-carbon sugar (deoxyribose)

Paisley’s demonstration did not last long. Another member of the parliament, one from Bavaria, raced up the aisle, tore the banner from Paisley’s hands and, with three other men, hustled the obscene Protestant leader out of the chamber. The member from Bavaria was Archduke Otto von Habsburg.

Foreword by Bettina Bien Greaves.

The optimum population is, then, less than the maximum. Thedifficulty of defining the optimum is enormous; so far as I know,no one has seriously tackled this problem. Reaching an acceptableand stable solution will surely require more than one generationof hard analytical work -- and much persuasion.

Includes essays by Fritz Machlup, Israel M.

There was also historical reciprocity in the Archduke’s defense of the Pope. That is because during World War I, when the corner of Poland where Karol Wojtyla grew up was still part of the Empire, the Pope’s father, a professional military man, wore its uniform. I.e., he was under arms to defend the Archduke’s father, Ven. Karl I, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, the last emperor.