Compare and contrast positive and negative reinforcement.?

Part One
Define positive and negative reinforcement, and provide an example of each.
Define positive and negative punishment, and provide an example of each.
Part Two
Pick 2 of these questions, and provide further discussion on them:
Based on your experiences, how would you deal with a defiant child?
Which do you think is more effective for the child: reinforcement or punishment?
What are the limitations of operant conditioning (reward and punishment)?

Positive and Negative Reinforcements - Do My Essay

What is the effect of “no reinforcement” (neither positive nor negative) in this, i wonder?

– Describe how positive reinforcement , negative reinforcement , ..

In the 1930’s, —a method of learning in which our behavior is driven by consequence, including punishment, positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement. Here’s a slightly simplified view of how operant conditioning works:

Read Positive And Negative Reinforcement essays and research papers

Which is most effective? Well, from Skinner’s studies on, research has shown that positive reinforcement is overall most effective. People just respond better to reward. A , published in the journal Science, investigated the benefits of a reward-based strategy toward building relationships that benefit the common good, and found that rewards were strongly associated with compliance and cooperation. “Rewards can change individuals’ behavior and encourage cooperation without the destructive negative consequences that come with punishment,” said lead author David G. Rand.



These tips describe different kinds of reinforcers that have been found to be effective in changing student behavior and a discussion of how to select and deliver appropriate and effective reinforcers. There is much literature on this topic, and you are strongly encouraged to consult additional resources for a more in-depth discussion of positive reinforcement. Additionally, negative reinforcement and satiation (when a reinforcer loses its effectiveness) are also discussed.

In fact, positive events occur more often than negative events

The various forms of rewards and punishments are summarized in . Rewards can take two forms. A positive stimulus can be presented following a behavior (a shopper enters a store and is given a Coke), or a negative stimulus can be removed following a behavior (a person finds out that he lost ten pounds after eating a diet lower in fat for the last two months). Both are rewards, but one is related to the application of a positive stimulus and the other to the removal of a negative stimulus. One study regarding online behaviors found that positive reinforcement was a significant driver for online product searches versus negative reinforcements.

Compare and contrast the concepts of positive and negative reinforcement as they relate to your selected situation.c.

Essay on Positive Reinforcement

Woolfolk, R. L. (2002). The power of negative thinking: Truth, melancholia, and the tragic sense of life. , (1), 19–27. doi:10.1037/h0091192. In this brief essay I argue that the contemporary "positive psychology" movement fails to emphasize important aspects of human existence that are essential to human excellence. Through an explication of some historical, cross–cultural, and literary examples, I argue for the importance of a kind of "negative psychology" that is fundamental to an adequate comprehension of the human situation.

– Describe how positive reinforcement , negative reinforcement , and punishment can influence behavior.

Negative Effects of Positive Reinforcement ..

The take away? Positive feedback and reinforcement are always effective, but good management will employ negative reinforcement when circumstances are right, and negative feedback when it becomes necessary. When made immediate, relevant and frequent, is potentially the most powerful operant conditioning tool in your repertoire. Use it to accentuate the positive and see for yourself.

Essay on Positive Reinforcement - 1630 Words

Did the larger brain lead to the behaviors, or did the behaviors lead to the larger brain? If other evolutionary trends have relevance, they mutually reinforced each other and provided positive feedbacks; down one evolutionary line it reached conditions that led to the human brain. The initial behavior was probably the use of a body part (the brain) for a new purpose, and its success led to selective advantages that led to mutual reinforcement. Although it is by no means an unorthodox understanding, I think that the likely chain of events was walking upright freed hands for new behaviors, which led to new ways of making and using tools, which enhanced food acquisition activities. This allowed the energy-demanding brain to expand, as well as related biological changes, which led to more complex tools and behaviors that acquired and even more energy. That, in short, defines the human journey to this day, which the rest of this essay will explore. There has never been and probably never will again be an energy-devouring animal like humanity on Earth, unless it is a human-line descendant.