Involvement in Vietnam War Essay
Essay: Australia in the Vietnam War
Truman also hoped that assisting the French in Vietnam would help to shore up thedeveloped, non-Communist nations, whose fates were in surprising ways tied to thepreservation of Vietnam and, given the domino theory, all of Southeast Asia. Free worlddominion over the region would provide markets for Japan, rebuilding with American helpafter the Pacific War. U.S. involvement in Vietnam reassured the British, who linked theirpostwar recovery to the revival of the rubber and tin industries in their colony ofMalaya, one of Vietnam's neighbors. And with U.S. aid, the French could concentrate oneconomic recovery at home, and could hope ultimately to recall their Indochina officercorps to oversee the rearmament of West Germany, a Cold War measure deemed essential bythe Americans. These ambitions formed a second set of reasons why the United States becameinvolved in Vietnam.
SparkNotes: The Vietnam War (1945–1975): U.S
The American movement against the Vietnam War was the most successful antiwar movementin U.S. history. During the Johnson administration, it played a significant role inconstraining the war and was a major factor in the administration's policy reversal in1968. During the Nixon years, it hastened U.S. troop withdrawals, continued to restrainthe war, fed the deterioration in U.S. troop morale and discipline (which providedadditional impetus to U.S. troop withdrawals), and promoted congressional legislation thatsevered U.S. funds for the war. The movement also fostered aspects of the Watergatescandal, which ultimately played a significant role in ending the war by underminingNixon's authority in Congress and thus his ability to continue the war. It gave rise tothe infamous "Huston Plan"; inspired Daniel Ellsberg, whose release of thePentagon Papers led to the formation of the Plumbers; and fed the Nixon administration'sparanoia about its political enemies, which played a major part in concocting theWatergate break-in itself.