Effectiveness of Probation in Texas Essay Sample
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The Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act of 1968 and the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, both stress the importance of separation between noncriminal (status) offenders and those who are accused with criminal offences in terms of legal treatment. In addition, the Acts call for deinstitutionalization of those “light” offenders and demand that convicted juvenile will be removed from adult jails and prisons.
Evaluating the Purpose and Effectiveness of Juvenile Probation
Further changes in legislation defined a strict line towards young offenders. This approach involved, among others, reduced confidentiality for trial hearings (which characterized the traditional juvenile justice system) and contextual-based referral for criminal courts and adult correctional sanctioning (in sharp contrast to the 1974 Act). That is, age alone is no longer the only parameter for the type of court and the subsequent procedures and punishment methods.