Causes Of The Civil War | HistoryNet
April 2011 marks the 150th anniversary of the U.S
The (c. 15 kya to 11.8 kya) succeeded the Kebaran culture. The Natufian village at in today’s Syria was established about 13.5 kya and was situated on a gazelle migration route. The residents of that village of a few hundred people also . Those villagers became Earth’s first known farmers, and they had dogs. The during the Younger Dryas and resettled after it ended. The effect of a harsher climate may have , which began there about 11 kya. By seven kya, the settlement had grown to several thousand people, and was then abandoned due to aridity. No evidence of warfare is associated with the settlement. A compelling recent hypothesis is that agriculture could not have developed in warfare’s presence, as farmers would have been too vulnerable to raids by hungry hunters. In the four places on Earth where civilization seems to have independently developed: the Fertile Crescent, China, Mesoamerica, and the Andes, no evidence of violent conflict exists before those civilizations, fed by the first crops, began growing into states. Those states are called “pristine” states, as no other states influenced their development. Also, it is considered likely that a primary impetus for beginning agriculture in those regions was the decimation of animals to hunt. Not only was the easy meat rendered largely extinct, but those animals would have also been competitors for crops. The peaceful agricultural villages that , in which women's status was closer to men's than at any time before the Industrial Revolution, actually existed, if only for a relatively brief time, in only a few places.
Racism in the United States - Wikipedia
one. Those Greeks were humble farmers, able to use partially regenerated forests for a self-sufficient lifestyle that could later be seen in the Protestant work ethic and the pioneering spirit. The poet hectored his farmer audience with that could have been uttered by Ben Franklin’s . Athens was established before 1400 BCE and became an important Mycenaean city. It began its resurgence in the late years of Greece’s Dark Age, and between 900 BCE and 300 BCE it became one of the more remarkable experiments in the human journey. By 600 BCE, the reviving civilization had once more eroded the Greek countryside, and , also known as the Tyrant of Athens, , as it was about the only crop that could grow on the badly eroded hills, and farming them did not increase erosion. Greek cities never became very large because the environment could not support large cities. When Greek cities reached about 20,000-to-30,000 people, new colonies were established. That practice led to the Greek colonies that dotted the Mediterranean’s periphery. Also, those colonies founded during the Greek classic era became a hinterland that helped support Athens. There is still debate whether commercial, military, or Malthusian incentives/pressures led to Greek colonization, but with the obvious environmental degradation of Greece, I lean toward Malthusian dynamics being the impetus, and the other factors were making the best of the situation. People rarely leave their homelands if they do not have to.