Hoaxes commonly show the following common characteristics:

Proverb Jacobs, Cal PhD and “the last of the biblical tackles,” spoke to Pat Joseph about his memoirs in 2014. “Jacobs’s humbly titled, self-published makes even look like small-fry,” writes Joseph.

Two comments on word usage in this essay:

Experts in computer security, who are  attorneys,speak of

I originally wrote this essay in May 1999.

Proverb Jacobs, “the last of the biblical tackles,” spoke to Pat Joseph about his memoirs in 2014. “Jacobs’s humbly titled, self-published makes even look like small-fry,” writes Joseph.

There are three major classes of criminal activity with computers:

Proverb Jacobs, “the last of the biblical tackles,” spoke to Pat Joseph about his memoirs in 2014. “Jacobs’s humbly titled, self-published makes even look like small-fry,” writes Joseph.

Sometimes the message contains long, detailed instructions for removing the alleged virus.

Legislatures chose to enact totally new statutes.

Proverb Jacobs, “the last of the biblical tackles,” spoke to Pat Joseph about his memoirs in 2014. “Jacobs’s humbly titled, self-published makes even look like small-fry,” writes Joseph.

It could save them a lot of time and money.

Proverb Jacobs, “the last of the biblical tackles,” spoke to Pat Joseph about his memoirs in 2014. “Jacobs’s humbly titled, self-published makes even look like small-fry,” writes Joseph.

Could you pass this along to your global mailing list as well?

Proverb Jacobs, “the last of the biblical tackles,” spoke to Pat Joseph about his memoirs in 2014. “Jacobs’s humbly titled, self-published makes even look like small-fry,” writes Joseph.

There are several basic ways to get these data:

Proverb Jacobs, “the last of the biblical tackles,” spoke to Pat Joseph about his memoirs in 2014. “Jacobs’s humbly titled, self-published makes even look like small-fry,” writes Joseph.

Putting long, detailed instructions into an e-mail is a symptom of a hoax.

Unauthorized changing of data is generally a fraudulent act.

Proverb Jacobs, “the last of the biblical tackles,” spoke to Pat Joseph about his memoirs in 2014. “Jacobs’s humbly titled, self-published makes even look like small-fry,” writes Joseph.

Alternatively, the hoax might mention the name of a major anti-virus software vendor.

It can be spread through the existing email systems of the Internet.

Proverb Jacobs, “the last of the biblical tackles,” spoke to Pat Joseph about his memoirs in 2014. “Jacobs’s humbly titled, self-published makes even look like small-fry,” writes Joseph.

If you discover that an e-mail is a hoax,  to the person who sent the hoax.

In this way, the computer criminal is acting analogous to a burglar.

Proverb Jacobs, “the last of the biblical tackles,” spoke to Pat Joseph about his memoirs in 2014. “Jacobs’s humbly titled, self-published makes even look like small-fry,” writes Joseph.