But there are other kinds of adverbial phrases:


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Like adjectives, adverbs can have comparative and superlative forms to show degree.

We often use and , and to show degree with adverbs:

A comparison shows how two subjects are similar; a contrast shows how two subjects are different. People compare and contrast in both writing and life. In writing, you must first decide whether you will compare, contrast or both. Follow these steps when writing a comparison / contrast essay.

This issue is addressed in the section on .

Unlike , which often seem capable of popping up almost anywhere in a sentence, adjectives nearly always appear immediately before the noun or noun phrase that they modify. Sometimes they appear in a string of adjectives, and when they do, they appear in a set order according to category. (See .) When indefinite pronouns — such as something, someone, anybody — are modified by an adjective, the adjective comes after the pronoun:

In most cases, however, the form without the  ending should be reserved for casual situations:

It would be better if "She grew to be only four feet tall."

Adjectives that are really , verb forms with and endings, can be troublesome for some students. It is one thing to be a child; it is an altogether different matter to be a child. Do you want to go up to your professor after class and say that you are or that you are ? Generally, the ending means that the noun so described ("you") has a passive relationship with something — something (the subject matter, the presentation) has bewildered you and you are confused. The ending means that the noun described has a more active role — you are not making any sense so you are confusing (to others, including your professor).

The same process can be used to downplay the degree:

4. Editing - Making grammar changes. Examples would be: Spelling, Grammar, Punctuation, Subject/verb agreement, and Word usage.

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

Review the section on for the formation of modifiers created when words are connected: a four-year-old child, a nineteenth-century novel, an empty-headed fool.

Adverbs (as well as adjectives) in their various degrees can be accompanied by premodifiers:

2. State your purpose in the thesis sentence.

When a group of words not containing a subject and verb acts as an adverb, it is called an adverbial phrase. frequently have adverbial functions (telling place and time, modifying the verb):

See, also, the note on , below, for the position of such words as "ablaze, aloof, aghast."

3. Choose a pattern to organize your essay.

Review the section on for a distinction between possessive forms and "adjectival labels." (Do you belong to a Writers Club or a Writers' Club?)

The two major patterns for organizing a comparison/contrast essay are:

The following is an example of point by point organization:

You can choose a topic of your choice to write about. Once you have chosen your topic, incorporate the five steps of the writing process into your essay.