And thus followed the first battle in the Wars of the Roses:
Set against existing explanations of the Wars of the Roses, Hicks’s account has some strengths, but also many weaknesses. Like many before him, he offers a mixture of more fundamental and more proximate causes, the latter including matters of mere contingency, but it seems to the present reviewer that he does not reconcile these as skilfully as some earlier historians. For K. B. McFarlane, writing in the 1960s, the Wars broke out because of the inability of Henry VI to manage an essentially stable system of relations between the king and the aristocracy; they persisted because the series of usurpers that followed were initially unable to guarantee landowners the security that they needed; whether York, Warwick and Gloucester were right to rebel against Henry VI, Edward IV and Henry VII, McFarlane regards as moot, given our evidence, but we can readily understand why they did so, and also why some followed them and others did not. This is an explanation that effectively locates the role of individuals in a structural setting; it is accomplished in a masterly thirty pages; and, despite some limitations, it is still the best short explanation of the Wars. For Tony Pollard, whose very deft and even-handed textbook account has been re-issued twice, the Wars stem from underlying weaknesses in the political system: essentially a gap between the expectations and agency of subjects, on the one hand, and the capacity of the government to deliver what they wanted, on the other. While this gap could and did widen for a series of reasons more local to the later 15th century (defeat in France, fiscal and economic problems, a dynastic cleavage, a notably incompetent ruler in the 1450s and notably shrewd ones after 1485), it was the underlying cause of the Wars, as it was also – mutatis mutandis – of the troubles of 1370–1410 and perhaps 1547–53; Henry VI, Warwick, Richard III, Henry VII all have parts to play, but there is a deeper logic to events. In a third major modern explanation of the Wars – one acknowledged as such by Hicks on p. x, though dismissed as just saying what happened on p. 20 – Christine Carpenter has argued that, while there was nothing wrong with the political system, its particular way of enlisting both public and private power, especially that of the aristocracy, explains why the personal inadequacy of Henry VI had such dramatic and lasting consequences. In Carpenter’s account, the king had a fundamental role to play in balancing and merging the different elements in the constitution; if he did not make authoritative decisions and provide the right kind of leadership in the spheres of justice and defence, disorder and division were inevitable; if he was not the sole convincing claimant to royal authority, as Edward IV (until 1471), Edward V and Richard III were not, then he could not easily provide that leadership, though there was no need, in Carpenter’s view, for the unwise actions of Warwick, Gloucester and Henry VII, which played their own parts in prolonging the conflict.
What were the causes of the Wars of the Roses?
War of the Roses - Essays and Papers Online - Mega Essays
Ward was one of those readers who joined in the fun. "[SuperShadow] was actually pretty open at the time," he says. "If you sent him an email, he would actually correspond with you. He was pretty nice." A high school student in the late 1990s, Ward corresponded with SuperShadow once a week. When he informed the webmaster that he'd been asked to compose a short piece for his creative writing class, SuperShadow viewed this as an opportunity to get Ward writing free content for his site. "I was like, 'Yeah, that's a great idea,'" he laughs. Purporting to come from the official Star Wars fan hotline (1-800-TRUE-FAN), the essay ran through a string of bogus George Lucas quotes about the cast ("On Jake Lloyd... 'He’s bouncy, cheerful, everything you could want. He’s sort of a young Luke Skywalker.'"), and confronted the absurdity of 8-year-old Anakin piloting a starfighter, which for some fans, was one of the more worrying sights glimpsed in the first teaser. , published to the site on September 14, 1998, was written entirely in SuperShadow-ese.
CAUSES OF THE WARS OF THE ROSES: An Overview
History Revision Notes Unit 1 A6. The Causes of the Wars of the Roses. SHORT-TERM CAUSES. Summary: The short-term causes of the Wars of the Roses lie in Henry VI's difficulties in governing, 1450-55: