Aristotle The Politics (A treatise on government), London: Penguin.

It is in these terms, then, that Aristotle understands the fundamentalnormative problem of politics: What constitutional form should thelawgiver establish and preserve in what material for the sake of whatend?

“Does Aristotle's Political Theory Rest on ..

The notion of final cause dominates Aristotle's Politics fromthe opening lines:

Aristotle’s Politics Essays | GradeSaver

This enables us to see how Aristotle's treatment of the intellectualvirtues does give greater content and precision to the doctrine of themean. The best standard is the one adopted by the philosopher; thesecond-best is the one adopted by the political leader. In eithercase, it is the exercise of an intellectual virtue that provides aguideline for making important quantitative decisions. This supplementto the doctrine of the mean is fully compatible with Aristotle'sthesis that no set of rules, no matter how long and detailed, obviatesthe need for deliberative and ethical virtue. If one chooses the lifeof a philosopher, one should keep the level of one's resources highenough to secure the leisure necessary for such a life, but not sohigh that one's external equipment becomes a burden and a distractionrather than an aid to living well. That gives one a firmer idea of howto hit the mean, but it still leaves the details to be worked out. Thephilosopher will need to determine, in particular situations, wherejustice lies, how to spend wisely, when to meet or avoida danger, and so on. All of the normal difficulties of ethical liferemain, and they can be solved only by means of a detailedunderstanding of the particulars of each situation. Having philosophyas one's ultimate aim does not put an end to the need for developingand exercising practical wisdom and the ethical virtues.

Essays Aristotle's Politics Aristotle’s Politics Essays ..

Aristotle makes it clear that the number of people with whom one cansustain the kind of relationship he calls a perfect friendship isquite small (IX.10). Even if one lived in a city populated entirely byperfectly virtuous citizens, the number with whom one could carry on afriendship of the perfect type would be at most a handful. For hethinks that this kind of friendship can exist only when one spends agreat deal of time with the other person, participating in jointactivities and engaging in mutually beneficial behavior; and onecannot cooperate on these close terms with every member of thepolitical community. One may well ask why this kind of closefriendship is necessary for happiness. If one lived in a communityfilled with good people, and cooperated on an occasional basis witheach of them, in a spirit of good will and admiration, would that notprovide sufficient scope for virtuous activity and a well-lived life?Admittedly, close friends are often in a better position to benefiteach other than are fellow citizens, who generally have littleknowledge of one's individual circumstances. But this only shows thatit is advantageous to be on the receiving end of a friend's help. Themore important question for Aristotle is why one needs to be on thegiving end of this relationship. And obviously the answer cannot bethat one needs to give in order to receive; that would turn activelove for one's friend into a mere means to the benefits received.

While concerning politics and government, it is clear that Aristotle has some effective ideas to the state and the human society.
In other words, Aristotle seems to feel that the most natural thing for men to do is to come together in some form of political association.

Plato and Aristotle's Theory of Knowledge essay | …

In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle describes his subjectmatter as ‘political science’, which he characterizes asthe most authoritative science. It prescribes which sciences are to bestudied in the city-state, and the others — such as militaryscience, household management, and rhetoric — fall under itsauthority. Since it governs the other practical sciences, their endsserve as means to its end, which is nothing less than the human good.“Even if the end is the same for an individual and for acity-state, that of the city-state seems at any rate greater and morecomplete to attain and preserve. For although it is worthy to attainit for only an individual, it is nobler and more divine to do so for anation or city-state” (EN I.2.1094b7-10). Aristotle'spolitical science thus encompasses the two fields which modernphilosophers distinguish as ethics and political philosophy. (See theentry on .) Political philosophy in the narrow sense is roughly speaking thesubject of his treatise called the Politics. For a furtherdiscussion of this topic, see the following supplementarydocument:

In his book Politics, Aristotle begins with the Theory of The Household, and it is here that the majority of his views upon slavery are found....

Guidelines for Writing a Political Theory Essay

It is difficult to rule out that possibility decisively, sincelittle is known about the period of Aristotle’s life from341–335. He evidently remained a further five years inStagira or Macedon before returning to Athens for the second and finaltime, in 335. In Athens, Aristotle set up his own school in apublic exercise area dedicated to the god Apollo Lykeios, whence itsname, the Lyceum. Those affiliated withAristotle’s school later came to be called Peripatetics,probably because of the existence of an ambulatory (peripatos)on the school’s property adjacent to the exerciseground. Members of the Lyceum conducted research into awide range of subjects, all of which were of interest to Aristotlehimself: botany, biology, logic, music, mathematics, astronomy,medicine, cosmology, physics, the history of philosophy, metaphysics,psychology, ethics, theology, rhetoric, political history, governmentand political theory, rhetoric, and the arts. In all these areas,the Lyceum collected manuscripts, thereby, according to some ancientaccounts, assembling the first great library of antiquity.

The Clarendon Aristotle Series (Oxford University Press) includestranslation and commentary of the Politics in fourvolumes:

Essays on The Ideas of Aristotle about the State and Political ..

In Book I Aristotle says that three kinds of lives are thought to beespecially attractive: one is devoted to pleasure, a second topolitics, and a third to knowledge and understanding (1095b17–19). InX.6–9 he returns to these three alternatives, and explores themmore fully than he had in Book I. The life of pleasure is construed inBook I as a life devoted to physical pleasure, and is quicklydismissed because of its vulgarity. In X.6, Aristotle concedes thatphysical pleasures, and more generally, amusements of all sorts, aredesirable in themselves, and therefore have some claim to be ourultimate end. But his discussion of happiness in Book X does notstart from scratch; he builds on his thesis that pleasure cannot beour ultimate target, because what counts as pleasant must be judged bysome standard other than pleasure itself, namely the judgment of thevirtuous person. Amusements will not be absent from a happy life,since everyone needs relaxation, and amusements fill this need. Butthey play a subordinate role, because we seek relaxation in order toreturn to more important activities.