Civil Disobedience has existed since the ancient Greek .
Civil disobedience fails Kant's universalizability test.
Conscientious Objection: This kind of protest may beunderstood as a violation of the law motivated by the dissenter'sbelief that she is morally prohibited to follow the law because the lawis either bad or wrong, totally or in part. The conscientious objectormay believe, for example, that the general character of the law inquestion is morally wrong (as an absolute pacifist would believe ofconscription), or that the law extends to certain cases which it shouldnot cover (an orthodox Christian would regard euthanasia as murder)(Raz 1979, 263). While commonly taken to refer to pacifist objectionsto military service, conscientious objection, says Raz, may apply toany law, negative or positive, that a person believes for moral reasonsshe is compelled to disobey. A narrower conception of conscientiousobjection, described as conscientious refusal, characterises this kindof disobedience as non-compliance with a more or less direct legalinjunction or administrative order (Rawls 1971, 368). Examples wouldbe the refusal of Jehovah's Witnesses to salute the flag orThoreau's refusal to pay his taxes (it is interesting that theaction of the man who coined the term ‘civil disobedience’is regarded by many as lying at the periphery of what counts as civildisobedience). Whereas conscientious refusal is undertaken with theassumption that authorities are aware of the breach of law,conscientious evasion is undertaken with the assumption that the breachof law is wholly covert. The devout person who continues to practiceher religion in secret after it has been banned does not protestagainst the law, but breaches it covertly for moral reasons. Thepersonal nature of this disobedience commands respect, as it suggestsmodesty and reflection, which more vocal and confident displays ofconviction may lack.
and John Brown's Civil Disobedience
Nonviolent challenges to state power are an honored tradition in western history, and so is their repression with origins that trace back to Socrates (Athens, Katz 1985, p .915 ;)
Civil Disobedience is first and foremost, the public expression of the politics of shame; to shine light on injustice usually we have to expose those that perpetuate it.