An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind by Simon ..

Baron-Cohen, S. (1999). Theory of mind and autism: A fifteen year review. In M. Corbalis and S. Lea (Eds.), The descent of mind: Psychological perspectives on hominid evolution (pp. 3–16). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Mindblindness: An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind

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Theory of Mind and Autism (Research Paper Sample) ..

The Folk Psychology-Folk Physics Model is not the only attempt to capture the relevant dimensions underlying the autistic spectrum. A second model suggests the relevant dimension may be from weak to strong central coherence. Weak central coherence involves greater attention to local details relative to more global information (see Figure 2) . Central coherence is a slippery notion to define. The essence of it is the normal drive to integrate information into context, gist, gestalt, and meaning. Frith argues that the autistic person's superior ability on the Embedded Figures Test and on an unsegmented version of the Block Design subtest in the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) arises because of a relative immunity to context effects in autism . Happe also reports a failure, by people with autism, to use context in reading, such that homophones are mispronounced [e.g., "There was a in her eye" might be misread so as sound like "There was a in her dress"] . A recent study has shown that children with autism are equally good at judging the identity of familiar faces in photographs, whether they are given the whole face or just part of the face. Non-autistic controls show a "global advantage" on such a test, performing significantly better when given the whole face, not just the parts of the face . The central coherence account of autism is attractive in having the potential to explain the nonholistic, piecemeal, perceptual style characteristic of autism, and the unusual cognitive profile seen in this condition (including the islets of ability). Recently, work in visual search has shown that individuals with autism spectrum conditions may be superior in their ability to make fine discriminations of targets from distractors . Such work may help take forward the concept of weak central coherence.

Mindblindness an Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind - …

In order to understand Autism one needs to know the definition of the disease, ascertain the characteristics of the disease, know the probability of being diagnosed with Autism, look at the inception of the disease, and recognize who the disease affects....

Family income, lifestyle and educational levels do not affect the chance of autism's occurrence.
The purest form of autism (high IQ and almost normal behavior yet still self-contained) occurs in about “one in 2,000 people”.

Mindblindness: An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind - …

Of course, a fascination with machines need not necessarily imply that the child the machine, but in fact most of these anecdotes also reveal that children with autism have a precocious understanding, too. The child (with enough language, such as is seen in children with AS/HFA may be described as holding forth, like a "little professor", on their favourite subject or area of expertise, often failing to detect that their listener may have long since become bored of hearing more on the subject. The apparently precocious mechanical understanding, whilst being relatively oblivious to their listener's level of interest, suggests that their folk physics might be outstripping their folk psychology in development. The anecdotal evidence includes not just an obsession with machines, but with other kinds of physical systems. Examples include obsessions with the weather (meteorology), the formation of mountains (geography), motion of the planets (astronomy), and the classification of lizards (taxonomy).

Insurance coverage for individuals on the autism spectrum is important for the duration of the individual’s life and all those involved....

An essay on autism and theory of mind ..

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Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder learn differently than other children, often have struggle with spoken and written language expression.

Mindblindness essay on autism and the theory of mind

Other evidence suggests that children with AS/HFA may not only be intact but also superior in their folk physics. First, clinical and parental descriptions of children with AS/HFA frequently refer to their fascination with machines [the paragon of non-intentional systems] . Indeed, it is hard to find a clinical account of autism spectrum conditions that does involve the child being obsessed by some machine or another. Examples include extreme fascinations with electricity pylons, burglar alarms, vacuum cleaners, washing machines, video players, calculators, computers, trains, planes, and clocks. Sometimes the machine that is the object of the child's obsession is quite simple (e.g., the workings of drain-pipes, or the design of windows, etc.). A systematic survey of obsessions in such children has confirmed such clinical descriptions .