Essay Competitions for Philosophy, Religious Studies …
Apocalypto Essay (Philosophy Of Religion)
We have covered a large amount of territory in this first module on the topics of philosophy and religion. It is time for a bit of personal reflection and discussion with classmates.
Please address the following questions. Your response should be about 200 words, with at least one reference cited using APA format. Be sure to reply to at least two of your classmates using at least 75 words per response.
How do you define philosophy of religion?
What is the most important philosophical question about religion and why?
Which of the five religious traditions added the most to your understanding of religious philosophy? Explain.
By Saturday, June 10, 2017 post your primary response to the appropriate Discussion Area. Respond to at least two of your fellow students by Wednesday, June 14, 2017.
Religion and Science (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
For atheists (e.g., scientific materialists) ontological questions within the philosophy of religion have a negative answer; none of its postulated entities exist. Religion is a vast error theory (to employ a term of John Mackie). However atheists do agree that there are still important questions to address concerning religion. God does not exist but there is still the matter of accounting for why people have commonly believed that God (or gods) exists. Thus Hume in his 1757 The Natural History of Religion looks to the perilous existential conditions of human existence as a cause of human belief that God(s) exists; and he also adopts the view that God is some kind of projection onto the world. In his 1841 The Essence of Christianity Feuerbach is more explicitly projectionist. But the God we humans project onto the world as existing is to be understood non-realistically; God does not exist independently of our projection of him. In the 20th century an important Humean influence can be found in the work of the anthropologist Stewart Guthrie, who proposes, in his 1993 book Faces in the Clouds: ‘… religion may best be understood as systematic anthropomorphism: the attribution of human characteristics to non-human things or events’. This is a suggestive research programme which should accord with the norms and values of any empirically based science (but not necessarily religion or its philosophy). This is particularly so when the sciences of anthropology or sociology are applied to religion.